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Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: A2Ha


  In ca.521, the Persian king Darius I the Great ordered that a new alphabet, the Aryan script, was to be developed. This was used for a small corpus of inscriptions, known as the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions. An overview of all inscriptions can be found here.
 
A2Ha (British Museum)

A2Ha, inscription on a column base from Ecbatana

[Old Persian inscription on two column bases made of black diorite; Elamite and Babylonian translations added. It is interesting to see that king Artaxerxes II Mnemon asks for the support of not only the supreme god Ahuramazda, but also of Anahita and Mithra.]
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  1. thâtiy \ Artaxšaçâ \ XŠ \ vazraka \ XŠ \ XŠyânâm \ XŠ \ DHyûnâm \ XŠ \ ah
  2. yâyâ \ BUyâ \ Dârayavašahyâ \ XŠhyâ \ puça \ Dârayavašahyâ \ Artaxšathra
  3. hyâ \ XŠhyâ \ puça \ Artaxšathrahyâ \ Xšayâršahyâ \ XŠhyâ \ Xšayâr
  4. šahyâ \ Dârayavašahyâ \ XŠhyâ \ puça \ Dârayavašahyâ \ Vištâspahyâ \ puça \
  5. \ Haxâmanišiya \ imam \ apadâna \ vašnâ \ AM \ Anahata \ utâ \ Mitra \ adam \ akun
  6. âm \ AM \ Anahata \ utâ \ Mitra \ mâm \ pâtuv \ hacâ \ vispâ \ gastâ \ ut
  7. â \ imam \ tya \ akunâ \ mâ \ vijanâtiy \ mâ \ vinâthayâtiy
Artaxerxes, the great king, the king of kings, the king of all nations, the king of this world, the son of king Darius [II Nothus], Darius the son of king Artaxerxes [I Makrocheir], Artaxerxes the son of king Xerxes, Xerxes the son of king Darius, Darius the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid, says: this hall [apadana] I built, by the grace of Ahuramazda, Anahita, and Mithra. May Ahuramazda, Anahita, and Mithra protect me against evil, and may they never destroy nor damage what I have built.
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