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Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: A2Sa


A2Sa in the garden of the Archaeological museum of Susa. Photo Marco Prins.
A2Sa (in the garden of the Archaeological museum of
Susa)
In ca.521, the Persian king Darius I the Great ordered that a new alphabet, the Aryan script, was to be developed. This was used for a small corpus of inscriptions, known as the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions. An overview of all inscriptions can be found here.
 

A2Sa, inscription on column bases from Susa

[Old Persian inscription from the Apadana on fragments of four column bases; Elamite and Babylonian translations added.]
 
A2Sa, detail. Photo Marco Prins. A2Sa, detail. Photo Marco Prins.
  1. thâtiy \ Artaxšaçâ \ XŠ \ vazraka \ XŠ \ XŠyânâm \ XŠ \ DHyûnâm \ XŠ \ ahyâyâ \ BUyâ \ Dârayavaušahyâ \ XŠhyâ \ puça \ D
  2. ârayavaušahyâ \ Artaxšaçâhyâ \ XŠhyâ \ puça \ Artaxšaçâhyâ \ Xšayârcahyâ \ XŠhyâ \ puça \ Xšayârcahyâ \ Dâra
  3. yavaušahyâ \ XŠhyâ \ puça \ Dârayavaušahyâ \ Vištâspahyâ \ puça \ Haxamânašiya \ imam \ apadâna \ Dârayavauš \ apanayâkama \ ak
  4. unaš \ abayapara \ upâ \ Artaxšaçâm \ nayâkama \ ++++ \ vašnâ \ AM \ Anahata \ utâ \ Mithra \ imam \ apadâna \ adam \ akunâm \ AM \ A
  5. nahata \ utâ \ Mithra \ mâm \ pâtuv \ hacâ \ vispâ \ gastâ \ upâ \ imam \ tya \ akunâm \ mâ \ vijanâtiy \ mâ \ vinâthayâtiy
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
A2Sa. Photo Marco Prins.
A2Sa
(Archaeological museum Susa)

Artaxerxes, the great king, the king of kings, the king of all nations, the king of this world, the son of king Darius [II Nothus], Darius the son of king Artaxerxes [I Makrocheir], Artaxerxes the son of king Xerxes, Xerxes the son of king Darius, Darius the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid, says: My ancestor Darius [I the Great] made this audience hall [apadana], but during the reign of my grandfather Artaxerxes, it was burnt down; but, by the grace of Ahuramazda, Anahita, and Mithra, I reconstructed this audience hall.

May Ahuramazda, Anahita, and Mithra protect me against all evil, and may they never destroy nor damage what I have built.

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