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Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: DNc-e

Gobryas on the relief of Naqš-i Rustam. Photo Marco Prins.
Gobryas
In ca.521, the Persian king Darius I the Great ordered that a new alphabet, the Aryan script, was to be developed. This was used for a small corpus of inscriptions, known as the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions. An overview of all inscriptions can be found here.

Darius was buried at Naqš-i Rustam. The inscriptions on the upper and central registers of his tomb (DNa and DNb) are well-known, but there are several smaller texts on the same monument: two trilingual honorific inscriptions for the courtiers Gobryas and Aspathines, and inscriptions on the figures supporting Darius' throne. Because inscription DNe mentions Macedonians, it must have been made after 512.
 

DNc: Honorific inscription of Gobryas

  1. Gaubaruva \ Pâtišuvariš \ Dâra
  2. yavahauš \ xšâyathiyahyâ \ arštbara
Gobryas from Pâtišuvariš,
the lance carrier of king Darius.

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Aspathines on the relief of Naqš-i Rustam. Photo Marco Prins.
Aspathines

DNd: Honorific inscription of Aspathines

  1. Aspacanâ \ vaçabara \ Dârayavahauš \ xš
  2. âyathiyahyâ \ isuvâm \ dârayatiy 
Aspathines, the bowbearer,
holds king Darius' battle-axe.

The upper part of the tomb of Darius the Great at Naqs-i Rustam. Photo Marco Prins.
The upper part of the tomb of Darius the Great

DNe, indications of people

  1. iyam \ Pârsâ
  2. iyam \ Mâda
  3. iyam \ Uvja
  4. iyam \ Parthava
  5. iyam \ Haraiva
  6. iyam \ Baxtriya
  7. iyam \ Suguda
  8. iyam \ Uvârazmiya
  9. iyam \ Zrakâ
  10. iyam \ Harauvatiya
  11. iyam \ Thataguiya
  12. iyam \ Gadâraya
  13. iyam \ Hiduya
  14. iyam \ Sakâ \ haumavargâ
  15. iyam \ Sakâ \ tigraxaudâ
  1. iyam \ Bâbiruš
  2. iyam \ Athuriya
  3. iyam \ Arabâya
  4. iyam \ Mudrâya
  5. iyam \ Arminiya
  6. iyam \ Katpatuka
  7. imay \ Spardiya
  8. iyam \ Yaunâ
  9. iyam \ Sakâ \ paradraiya
  10. iyam \ Skudra
  11. iyam \ Yauna \ takabarâ
  12. iyam \ Putâya
  13. iyam \ Kušâya
  14. iyam \ Maciya
  15. iyam \ Karka
  1. This is the Persian. 
  2. This is the Mede. 
  3. This is the Elamite. 
  4. This is the Parthian.
  5. This is the Arian.
  6. This is the Bactrian.
  7. This is the Sogdian.
  8. This is the Chorasmian.
  9. This is the Drangian.
  10. This is the Arachosian.
  11. This is the Sattagydian.
  12. This is the Gandaran.
  13. This is the man of Sind.
  14. This is the haoma-drinking Saca.
  15. This is the Saca with the pointed hat.
  1. This is the Babylonian.
  2. This is the Syrian.
  3. This is the Arab.
  4. This is the Egyptian.
  5. This is the Armenian.
  6. This is the Cappadocian.
  7. This is the Lydian.
  8. This is the Greek.
  9. This is the Scythian from across the sea.
  10. This is the Thracian.
  11. This is the Macedonian.
  12. This is the Libyan.
  13. This is the Kushite.
  14. This is the man of Maka.
  15. This is the Carian.
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