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Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: DPe


Inscriptions DPd, DPe, DPf, and DPg on the southern terrace wall of Persepolis. Photo Marco Prins.
Inscriptions DPd, DPe, DPf, and DPg on the southern terrace wall of Persepolis
In ca.521, the Persian king Darius I the Great ordered that a new alphabet, the Aryan script, was to be developed. This was used for a small corpus of inscriptions, known as the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions. An overview of all inscriptions can be found here.

In the following text, to be found on the terrace wall of Persepolis, Darius tells about the size of his empire. It is the sequel of DPd, in which he prayed for protection. (There are similar inscriptions in Elamite and Babylonian, DPf and DPg.)

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DPe in Persepolis. Photo Marco Prins.
DPe
  1. adam \ Dârayavauš \ xšâyathiya \ vaz
  2. raka \ xšâyathiya \ xšâyathiyânâ
  3. m \ xšâyathya \ dahyûnâm \ tyai
  4. šâm \ parûnâm \ Vištâspahyâ \
  5. puça \ Haxâmanišiya \ thâtiy \ Dâra
  6. yavauš \ xšâyathiya \ vašnâ \ Aurama
  7. zdâhâ \ imâ \ dahyâva \ tyâ \ adam
  8. \ adaršiy \ hadâ \ anâ \ Pârsâ \ kâ
  9. râ \ tyâ \ hacâma \ atarsa \ manâ \ bâj
  10. im \ abara \ Ûvja \ Mâda \ Bâbiru
  11. š \ Arabâya \ Athurâ \ Mudrây
  12. â \ Armina \ Katpatuka \ Sparda \ Ya
  13. unâ \ tyaiy \ uškahyâ \ utâ \ tya
  14. iy \ drayahyâ \ utâ \ dahyâva \ t
  15. yâ \ para \ draya \ Asagarta \ Parthava \ Zra
  16. ka \ Haraiva \ Bâxtriš \ Suguda \ Uv
  17. ârazmîy \ Thataguš \ Harauvatiš \ H
  18. iduš \ Gadâra \ Sakâ \ Maka \ thâtiy
  19. \ Darayavauš \ xšâyathiya \ yadiy
  20. \ avathâ \ maniyâhay \ hacâ \ aniya
  21. nâ \ mâ \ tarsam \ imam \ Pârsam \ kâram \ pâdi
  22. y \ yadiy \ kâra \ Pârsa \ pâta \ ahatiy \ hyâ \
  23. duvaištam \ šiyâtiš \ axšatâ \ hauvci
  24. y \ Aurâ \ nirasâtiy \ abiy \ imâm \ vitham
  I am Darius the great king, the king of kings, the king of many countries, the son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenid.

By the favor of Ahuramazda these are the countries which I got into my possession along with this Persian people, which felt fear of me and bore me tribute : Elam, Media, Babylonia, Arabia, Assyria, Egypt, Armenia, Cappadocia, Lydia, the Greeks who are of the mainland and those who are by the sea, and countries which are across the sea, Sagartia, Parthia, Drangiana, Aria, Bactria, Sogdia, Chorasmia, Sattagydia, Arachosia, Hinduš, Gandara, Sacae, Maka.

King Darius: If you think, "I fear no one else," than protect the Persians. Because when the Persians are protected, their happiness will remain unbroken, and the favor of Ahuramazda will come down upon the royal house.

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