home   :    index    :    ancient Persia    :    Achaemenid Royal inscriptions

Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: XPd


  In ca.521, the Persian king Darius I the Great ordered that a new alphabet, the Aryan script, was to be developed. This was used for a small corpus of inscriptions, known as the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions. An overview of all inscriptions can be found here.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Inscription XPd. Photo Marco Prins.
Inscription XPd
on a pillar
Inscription XPd can be found beside the stairs of the Palace of Xerxes in Persepolis and on the two pillars that once carried the roof of the northern portico of the royal mansion.

  1. baga \ vazraka \ Auramazdâ \ hya \ i
  2. mâm \ bûmim \ adâ \ hya \ avam
  3. \ asmânam \ adâ \ hya \ martiya
  4. m \ adâ \ hya \ šiyâtim \ adâ \ mar
  5. tiyahyâ \ hya \ Xšayâršâm \ x
  6. šâyathiyam \ akunauš \ aivam \ par
  7. ûnâm \ xšâyathiyam \ aivam \ parû
  8. nâm \ framâtâram \ adam \ Xšayârš
  9. â \ xšâyathiya \ vazraka \ xšâyathiya \
  10. xšâyathiyânâm \ xšâyathiya \ dahy
  11. ûnâm \ paruvzanânâm \ xšâyathiya
  12. \ ahiyâyâ \ bûmiyâ \ vazrakâyâ
  13. \ dûraiy \ apiy \ Dârayavahauš \ xš
  14. âyathiyahyâ \ puça \ Haxâmanišiya \
  15. thâtiy \ Xšayâršâ \ xšâyathiya \ va
  16. zraka \ vašnâ \ Auramazdâha \ ima \ had
  17. iš \ adam \ akunavam \ mâm \ Auramaz
  18. dâ \ pâtuv \ hadâ \ bagaibiš \ utama
  19. iy \ xšaçam \ utâ \ tyamaiy \ kartam
  A great god is Ahuramazda, who created this earth, who created that heaven, who created humankind, who created happiness for humankind, who made Xerxes king, sole ruler of many, sole sovereign of many.

I am Xerxes, the great king, the king of kings, the king of all kinds of people, the king of this earth great and wide, the son of king Darius, the Achaemenid.

The great king Xerxes says: By the grace of Ahuramazda, I built this palace. May Ahuramazda and the gods protect me, my kingdom, and what I did!

 home   :    index    :    ancient Persia    :    Achaemenid Royal inscriptions