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Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: XSc


  In ca.521, the Persian king Darius I the Great ordered that a new alphabet, the Aryan script, was to be developed. This was used for a small corpus of inscriptions, known as the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions. An overview of all inscriptions can be found here.
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XSc, inscription on a slab of marble from Susa

Fragmentary Old Persian text on a slab of marble; the text is almost identical to the Babylonian XSb.

  1. adam \ Xšayâršâ \ xšâyathiya \ vazraka \ xšâyathiya \ xšâyathiyânâm \ xšâya
  2. thiya \ dahyunâm \ Dârayavahauš \ xšâyathiyahyâ \ puça \ Haxâmanišiya \ thât
  3. iy \ Xšayâšâ \ xšâyathiya \ ima \ hadiš \ akunâm \ pasâva \ yathâ \ adam \ xšâya
  4. thiya \ abavam \ aita \ adam \ yânam \ jadiyâmiy \ Auramazdâm \ mâm \ Au
  5. ramazdâ \ pâtuv \ hadâ \ bagaibiš \ utamaiy \ xšaçam \ utâ \ tyamaiy \ kartam
I am Xerxes, the great king, king of kings, king of all nations, the son of king Darius, the Achaemenid.

King Xerxes says: I built this palace after I became king. This I ask as a favor from Ahuramazda: May Ahuramazda and the gods protect me, my kingdom, and what has been built by me.

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