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Achaemenid kings


Fourth-century relief from Egypt, showing an Achaemenid king, probably identical to Artaxerxes III Ochus. Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam (Holland). Photo Jona Lendering.
Fourth-century relief from Egypt, showing an Achaemenid king,probably identical to ArtaxerxesIII (Allard Piersonmuseum, Amsterdam)

Achaemenids (Hakhâmanišiya): royal dynasty of ancient Persia, which ruled the Near East from the mid-sixth century until the conquests by Alexander the Great.
 
Cyrus
559
-
November 530


Cambyses II
before 31 August 530
-
after 18 April 522


Smerdis
11 March 522
-
29 September 522


Darius I the Great
29 September 522
-
after 17 November 486


Xerxes I
before 1 December 486
-
between 4 and 8 August 465


Artaxerxes I Makrocheir
between 4 and 8 August 465

after 24 December 424


Xerxes II
early 423


Sogdianus
early 423


Darius II Nothus
before 10 January 423
-
April 404


Artaxerxes II Mnemon
3 April 404
-
after January 358


Artaxerxes III Ochus
before 11 March 358
-
after 26 August 338


Artaxerxes IV Arses
before 25 September 338
-
Summer 336


Darius III Codomannus
Summer 336
-
July 330


Artaxerxes V Bessus
July 330
-
Summer 329
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