is a website on ancient history written and maintained since 1996 by
the Dutch historian Jona Lendering. It started on a different URL; the present one has been in use since 2000.
Lendering read history at Leiden University (MA 1993), specialized in Mediterranean culture at the
Free University (MA 1996), and worked at excavations in Holland
After teaching historical theory and ancient history at the Free University for several years,
he was one of the founders of a school for history teaching, Livius Onderwijs. Born in Amsterdam, it has now spread to auxiliary locations in Bussum,
Dronten, Gouda, Hoorn, Leiden, Schagen, Zaanstad, and Zoetermeer. As of 2013, Livius
Onderwijs has eight teachers, about 500-600
students a year, and offers tours to countries like Italy, Turkey,
Iran, and Lebanon. The field trips help to etch into the students' minds some of what they've learned at the school.
Because history is for a large part telling
a story, something you do best in your own language, Lendering prefers
to publish in Dutch journals. However, he has several times contributed
to the Bryn Mawr
Classical Review and is a regular contributor to
He is also the publisher and editor of the on-line publication of the Babylonian Chronicles of the Hellenistic Period, a set of important cuneiform sources for the history of the Seleucid and Parthian Near East, transcribed, translated and commented on by Bert van der Spek of the Free University Amsterdam and Irving Finkel of the British Museum. A publication as book is in preparation.
Lendering is currently writing a book on the separation of Judaism and Christianity, and maintains a blog on ancient history and a blog in Dutch. He
is the author of several books, including Edge of Empire and Consensus and Crises; some other bits and pieces can be found here.
For the Livius
website, which was awarded the "Oikos publieksprijs" by the Dutch
classicists in 2010, he collaborates closely with Bill Thayer of LacusCurtius.
Books by Jona Lendering
The next projects will be:
- De klad in de klassieken (2012) (Classics in Decline)
- De rand van het Rijk. De Romeinen en de Lage Landen (2010; Edge of Empire. Rome's Frontier on the Lower Rhine)
- Spijkers op laag water. Vijftig misverstanden over de Oudheid 2009 Amsterdam (Fifty common errors about ancient society) (abstract; postscript)
- Vergeten erfenis. Oosterse wortels van de westerse cultuur
2009 Amsterdam (Lost legacy. Eastern roots of the western civilization)
A book on the legacy of Islam and Babylon (abstract; Dutch abstract).
Veldslagen en propaganda uit de Oudheid 2006 Amsterdam (Fog of War. Ancient Battles and
Propaganda). A book on war and the
representation of war (chapter).
De wortels van de Nederlandse
2005 Amsterdam (The
Roots of Dutch Consensus Culture). A little book about
peat reclamation, polders, dikes, windmills and the political,
and social consequences of the Dutch war against the sea (summary in English).
de Grote. De ondergang van het Perzische
Rijk 2004 Amsterdam (Alexander
the Great. The Demise of the Persian Empire). It
recently discovered Babylonian texts and takes into account
sociological theories about the pristine state, and ideas about
leadership that have been developed at modern business schools. A part
of it has been translated into English and can be found here.
in marmer. Gids voor het antieke Rome
aan de hand van tijdgenoten 2002 Amsterdam (The
Marble City. Literary Travel Guide to Ancient Rome). A book
life in ancient Rome, hailed as "the best book on Rome in the Dutch
by the NRC Handelsblad. A translated part can be found here.
2002 The Hague.
A skeptical inventory of management jargon, a coproduction with Klaas
Roo and Paul Mentzel.
van de futurologie,
2000 The Hague (Archaeology of Futurology).
A brief history
of futurology, including evaluations of the most important
randen van de aarde. De Romeinen tussen
Schelde en Eems,
2000 Amsterdam (The Edges of the Earth. The Romans in the Low Countries). The
the Roman occupation of Belgium and the Netherlands, including a
of hundred translated Greek and Latin texts. (A translated chapter can
be found here;
other parts were used in this
interim-manager in het Romeinse Rijk. Plinius
in BithyniŽ, 1998 The
Hague (An Interim Manager
in the Roman Empire.
Pliny in Bithynia). A brief introduction to Roman history and
culminating in a description of Pliny
the Younger's governorship
- A history of the study of Antiquity;
- A book on the
rise of Early Christianity and Rabbinical Judaism;
- A general history of Antiquity;
- A biography of Synesius
history of the Seleucids;
brief history of the Roman legions, not unlike the webpages
already devoted to this subject;
- A little book on the Limes
- A book on Mediterranean culture under the
- A book on Babylonia between 800 BCE and 200 CE;
- and a book on the
but single year' 69.