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Essays on Alexander the Great

Abdalonymus on the Alexander sarcophagus. Arkeoloji Müzesi, İstanbul (Turkey). Photo Marco Prins.
The Alexander sarcophagus:
currently on display in the
Arkeoloji Müzesi, İstanbul. The man who was buried inside was probably Alexander's ally Abdalonymus of Sidon (333-312)


Alexander the Great (*356; r. 336-323): the Macedonian king who defeated his Persian colleague Darius III Codomannus and conquered the Achaemenid Empire. During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Egypt, Babylonia, Persis, Media, Bactria, the Punjab, and the valley of the Indus. In the second half of his reign, he had to find a way to rule his newly conquered countries. Therefore, he made Babylon his capital and introduced the oriental court ceremonial, which caused great tensions with his Macedonian and Greek officers.



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