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Alexander II Zabinas

Coin of Alexander II Zabinas.
Alexander II Zabinas
Alexander II Zabinas: name of a king of the Seleucid Empire, ruled from 129 to 123.


Main deeds:
  • November 132: Outbreak of civil war in Egypt between Ptolemy VIII Euergetes Physcon and his sister Cleopatra II
  • 128: the Seleucid king Demetrius II Nicator tries to intervene in the Egyptian civil war, supporting Cleopatra, the mother of his first wife Cleopatra Thea
  • Ptolemy VIII supports Alexander II Zabinas, a rebel in the Seleucid Empire
  • 125: When Demetrius wages war against Alexander II Zabinas and fights near Tyre (March), he is killed near Damascus.
  • In spite of support from the Hasmonaean leader John Hyrcanus, Alexander is unable to conquer Syria, where Demetrius' son Antiochus VIII Grypus succeeds his father
  • 123: Alexander is defeated, captured, and executed
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