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Alexandria in Aria


Alexander bust from Delos. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Alexander, bust from Delos (Louvre)
Alexandria in Aria: town founded by Alexander the Great, modern Herat in Afghanistan.

Alexandria in Aria was founded by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great during his campaign against Satibarzanes in the Autumn of 330 BC. The city is identical to modern Herat in the northwest of Afghanistan. It may have been a refoundation of an older town, viz. the Arian capital Artacoana, and may have played a role in the insurrection of Satibarzanes.

Historical sources mention the presence of a Zoroastrian fire altar.

Alexander's city is believed to be located underneath the mound on which the present citadel was erected. This makes archaeological excavation difficult. Aerial photographs show that once, this town had large irrigation canals.

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
The "Castle of Alexander" in Herat. Photo John Bessler. The "Castle of Alexander" in Herat. Photo John Bessler. The "Castle of Alexander" in Herat. Photo John Bessler. The "Castle of Alexander" in Herat. Photo John Bessler.
The "Castle of Alexander" in Herat. Photos John Bessler.


Thanks

The photos of the Timurid (late Medieval) fortress of Herat, which is on top of the fort built by Alexander, on this webpage were taken by COL John Bessler, U.S. Army, commander of the Afghanistan Regional Security Integration Command West in 2008-2009, and currently Deputy Director of PKSOI.

A satellite photo can be seen here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 20 August 2010
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