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Bust of Amasis. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.Bust of Amasis (Louvre) Amasis: pharaoh of the Saite dynasty, ruler of Egypt from 570 to 526.

Egyptian names: Chenibra Amose-si-Neith

Successor of: Apries


  1. wife: Nakhtes-Bastet-reru
    • son: Amose
  2. wife: Khetbeneit-erboni II (? daughter of Apries)
  3. wife: Takheta (from Syria?)
  4. wife: Ladice, daughter of Battus III of Cyrene

Main deeds:

  • 593: One of the generals of the army of Psammetichus II that invaded Kush (modern Sudan)
  • 570: After an ill-fated campaign against Cyrene, Apries is disgraced. Amasis is proclaimed king by his men; he is accepted as co-ruler. During his reign, Amasis has to support the native soldiers (Herodotus, Histories, 2.161, 172-174)
  • 568/567: Unsuccessful Babylonian invasion, led by Nebuchadnezzar II
  • 567: Civil war against Apries, who is killed at Momemphis
  • More Greeks settled in the western Delta in Naucratis; the city, the first polis in Egypte, receives trade prerogatives
  • Defensive treaty with Nabonidus of Babylonia, Croesus of Lydia, and Sparta against Cyrus the Great of Persia
  • After 548: Amasis supports the rebuilding of the Greek temple in Delphi and sends precious gifts to Cyrene, Sparta, Lindos and Polycrates, the tyrant of Samos
  • 547??: End of Lydia, conquered by Cyrus
  • 541: A devastating Nile flood
  • 539: End of Babylonia, conquered by Cyrus
  • Occupation of Cyprus
  • 530: Conflict with Kush
  • December 526: Amasis dies shortly before the Persian invasion


  • New Banebdjed temple at Mendes (built 570-567)
  • Continued construction works at the temple of the goddess Neith in Sais  (described by Herodotus, Histories, 2.175)
  • The temple of the cobra-goddess Wadjet at Buto (Herodotus, 2.155-156)
  • Construction works at the temple of Ptah in Memphis
  • A temple for Isis at Memphis (Herodotus, 2.176)
  • Another Wadjet-temple at Nabesha
  • A temple to Osiris at Athribis
  • A temple for Anubis at Saqqara
  • A temple in the complex of Khentimentiu at Abydos
  • A chapel of Osiris at Coptos
  • Some building activities at Karnak by Nitocris and Ankhnes-Neferibre
  • The temple of Isis at Philae
  • Chapels in the Bahariya oasis
  • A small temple for Amun in the Khargha oasis
  • The temple of Ammon in Siwa
Succeeded by: Psammetichus III, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

This brief article has been written to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2007
Revision: 11 March 2007
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other