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Amasis


Bust of Amasis. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.Bust of Amasis (Louvre) Amasis: pharaoh of the Saite dynasty, ruler of Egypt from 570 to 526.

Egyptian names: Chenibra Amose-si-Neith

Successor of: Apries

Relatives:

  1. wife: Nakhtes-Bastet-reru
    • son: Amose
  2. wife: Khetbeneit-erboni II (? daughter of Apries)
  3. wife: Takheta (from Syria?)
  4. wife: Ladice, daughter of Battus III of Cyrene

Main deeds:

  • 593: One of the generals of the army of Psammetichus II that invaded Kush (modern Sudan)
  • 570: After an ill-fated campaign against Cyrene, Apries is disgraced. Amasis is proclaimed king by his men; he is accepted as co-ruler. During his reign, Amasis has to support the native soldiers (Herodotus, Histories, 2.161, 172-174)
  • 568/567: Unsuccessful Babylonian invasion, led by Nebuchadnezzar II
  • 567: Civil war against Apries, who is killed at Momemphis
  • More Greeks settled in the western Delta in Naucratis; the city, the first polis in Egypte, receives trade prerogatives
  • Defensive treaty with Nabonidus of Babylonia, Croesus of Lydia, and Sparta against Cyrus the Great of Persia
  • After 548: Amasis supports the rebuilding of the Greek temple in Delphi and sends precious gifts to Cyrene, Sparta, Lindos and Polycrates, the tyrant of Samos
  • 547??: End of Lydia, conquered by Cyrus
  • 541: A devastating Nile flood
  • 539: End of Babylonia, conquered by Cyrus
  • Occupation of Cyprus
  • 530: Conflict with Kush
  • December 526: Amasis dies shortly before the Persian invasion

Buildings:

  • New Banebdjed temple at Mendes (built 570-567)
  • Continued construction works at the temple of the goddess Neith in Sais  (described by Herodotus, Histories, 2.175)
  • The temple of the cobra-goddess Wadjet at Buto (Herodotus, 2.155-156)
  • Construction works at the temple of Ptah in Memphis
  • A temple for Isis at Memphis (Herodotus, 2.176)
  • Another Wadjet-temple at Nabesha
  • A temple to Osiris at Athribis
  • A temple for Anubis at Saqqara
  • A temple in the complex of Khentimentiu at Abydos
  • A chapel of Osiris at Coptos
  • Some building activities at Karnak by Nitocris and Ankhnes-Neferibre
  • The temple of Isis at Philae
  • Chapels in the Bahariya oasis
  • A small temple for Amun in the Khargha oasis
  • The temple of Ammon in Siwa
Succeeded by: Psammetichus III
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This brief article has been written to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2007
Revision: 11 March 2007
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other