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Antiochus XI Epiphanes


Coin of the Seleucid king Antiochus XI Epiphanes Philadelphus.
Antiochus XI Epiphanes Philadelphus
Antiochus XI Epiphanes Philadelphus ('manifestation of the god', 'who loves his brother'): name of a Seleucid king, ruled from c.95 to c.93/92.

Successor of: Seleucus VI Epiphanes Nicator

Relatives:

Main deeds:
  • Since 114/113, the Seleucid dynasty had been divided into two branches, one in the south and one in the north.
  • Summer 96: The death of Antiochus VIII Grypus (northern branch) appears to open the road to reunion under his halfbrother and opponent Antiochus IX Cyzicenus (southern branch), but Seleucus VI Epiphanes Nicator, a son of Antiochus VIII, continues his father's rule in the north.
  • Early 95: Antiochus IX Cyzicenus of the southern branch is defeated and killed by Seleucus of the north; Antiochus IX  is succeeded by his son, Antiochus X Eusebes
  • c.95: First coinage of Antiochus XI, son of Antiochus VIII, and colleague or rival of his brother Seleucus VI
  • Summer 94: Antiochus X overcomes Seleucus VI; the northern branch continued by Antiochus XI Epiphanes only
  • 93: Antiochus XI occupies Antioch and looses the city again
  • 93/92: After a brief reign, Antiochus XI Epiphanes is defeated and killed by Antiochus X Eusebes, who takes over the northern part

Literature

  • O. Hoover, 'Revised Chronology for the Late Seleucids at Antioch (121/0-64 BC)' in: Historia 65/3 (2007) 280-301
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