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Antiochus XIII Asiaticus

Coin of the Seleucid king Antiochus XIII Asiaticus.
Antiochus XIII Asiaticus
Antiochus XIII Asiaticus: name of a Seleucid king, ruled from 69 to 64.

Successor of: Tigranes II the Great of Armenia


Main deeds:
  • c.75: Death of Philip I Philadelphus, king of a Seleucid Empire that ha been reduced to Antioch and Beroea (modern Aleppo) and environment
  • His successor is Antiochus XIII Asiaticus, who goes to Rome to ask for help; in the meantime, Tigranes II the Great of Armenia adds the remains of the Seleucid Empire to his realm
  • 69: During the Third Mithridatic War, the Roman general Lucullus attacks Armenia and defeats Tigranes at Tigranocerta.
  • Lucullus appoints Antiochus XIII Asiaticus as ruler of Syria
  • 68/67: Recall of Lucullus; the Romans give the supreme command in the eastern wars to Pompey the Great
  • 67/66: Supported by the population of Antioch and a local ruler from Cilicia, Philip II Philoromaeus expels his relative Antiochus XIII from Antioch
  • 66/65: Antiochus restored
  • 64: Pompey annexes Syria as province of the Roman Empire and dethrones Antiochus; he was murdered.


  • O. Hoover, 'Revised Chronology for the Late Seleucids at Antioch (121/0-64 BC)' in: Historia 65/3 (2007) 280-301
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