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Ariaramnes


Ariaramnes (Old Persian: Ariyâramna): name of the great-grandfather of the Persian king Darius I the Great.

Ariaramnes belonged to the Achaemenid house and must have been a brother of king Cyrus of Anšan. He must have ruled in the first quarter of the sixth century BCE.

A short inscription by Ariaramnes, known as AmH, was found in 1930 on a gold tablet in Hamadan (ancient Ecbatana) and runs like this:

  1. Ariyâramna \ xšyathiya \ vazraka \ xšâyath
  2. iya \ xšâyathiyânâm \ xšâyathiya \ Pârsâ
  3. \ Cišpaiš \ xšâyathiyahyâ \ puça \ Haxâmanišah
  4. yâ \ napâ \ thâtiy \ Ariyâramna \ xšâyathiya
  5. \ iyam \ dahyâuš \ Pârsâ \ tya \ adam \ dârayâ
  6. \ miy \ hya \ uvaspâ \ umartiyâ \ manâ \ baga
  7. \ vazraka \ Auramazdâ \ frâbara \ vasnâ \ Au
  8. ramazdâha \ adam \ xšâyathiya \ iyam \ da
  9. hyâuš \ amiy \ thâtiy \ Ariyâramna
  10. \ xšâyathiya \ Auramazdâ \ manâ \ upastâ
  11. m \ baratuv
Ariaramnes, the great king, king of kings, king in Persia, son of king Teispes, grandson of Achaemenes. King Ariaramnes says: This country Persia which I hold, which is possessed of good horses, of good men, the great god Ahuramazda bestowed it upon me. By the favor of Ahuramazda, I am king in this country. King Ariaramnes says: May Ahuramazda bear me aid.
It is unclear when this text was made. It can be a fraud (modern or ancient), but it may be an original document.
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