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Ariarathes V Philopator


Coin of Ariarathes V Philopator Ariarathes V Philopator (c.163-131/130): king of Cappadocia.

Born as Mithradates
Son of Ariarathes IV Eusebes and Antiochis (daughter of Antiochus III the Great and Laodice III)
Married to: Nysa
Children: Ariarathes VI Epiphanes
Successor of: Ariathes IV Eusebes

Main deeds:

  • Disciple of the philosopher Carneades
  • 163: Succeeds Ariathes IV Eusebes
  • The Armenian king Artaxias I proposes a division of Sophene (along the Upper Tigris), but Ariarathes puts a puppet king named Mithrobuzanes on the throne
  • King Ptolemy of Comagene tries to conquer the Cappadocian city Melitene, but is repelled
  • The Seleucid king Demetrius I Soter proposes that Ariarathes marries to his sister Laodice V, widow of Perseus of Macedonia; Ariarathes refuses
  • 158: Civil war in Cappadocia; Demetrius supports Ariarathes' brother Orophernes II against Ariarathes V Philopator
  • c.156: Ariarathes' sister Stratonice IV is married to king Attalus II Philadelphus, who brings back Ariarathes to his kingdom.
  • Summer 152: Ariarathes and Attalus, the Egyptian king Ptolemy VI Philometor, and Rome, support Alexander I Balas, usurper in the Seleucid Empire.
  • 133: Pergamon bequested to Rome; revolt of a Pergamene prince, Aristonicus
  • 131/130: Ariarathes fights against Aristonicus and is killed in action; from the Bithynian bequest, Rome offers Lycaonia to Pergamum
Succeeded by: Ariarathes VI Epiphanes
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Revision: 6 January 2007
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