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Artaxerxes I Makrocheir


Silver bowl with an inscription of Artaxerxes I Makrocheir. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (United States). Photo Marco Prins.
Silver bowl with inscription A1 Vase A of Artaxerxes I Makrocheir (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Artaxerxes I Makrocheir: Achaemenid king of the Persian Empire, ruled from 465 to 424/423.

Relatives:

  • Father: Xerxes
  • Mother: Amestris
  • Wife: Damaspia
  • Second wife: Alogyne, a Babylonian lady
  • Third wife: Andia, another Babylonian lady
    • Bagopaeus, Parysatis (married to Darius II Nothus)
  • Fourth wife: Cosmartidene, also a Babylonian lady

Main deeds:

  • Accession between 4 and 8 August 465, after his father Xerxes had been killed
  • Represses the insurrection in Egypt that had been supported by Athens
  • 449/448: Peace of Callias (?), in which Persia and Athens agree on the limits of their spheres of influence
  • 440/439: Persian intervention in the Samian War (Diodorus, World History, 12.27.5)
  • 431: Outbreak of the Archidamian War; both Athens and Sparta ask for Persian support
  • Death between 24 December 424 and 10 January 423

Sources:

Buildings:

Succeeded by: civil war between Sogdianus, Xerxes II, and Darius II Nothus
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Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 13 Aug. 2012
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