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The ancient Persian alphabet
the Persian king Darius
I the Great (522-486) ordered the Behistun
inscription to be made, he also ordered the making of a
alphabet, which he called 'the Aryan
It consists of thirty-six signs indicating syllables and eight
for the words 'king', 'country' (2x) 'good', 'god', 'earth', and
(3x). A slanting wedge (\)
is used as a word divider.
This alphabet was mainly used for royal inscriptions; the last text in the 'Aryan script' can be dated to the fourth century BCE.
I the Great in Persepolis,
above figures of the king and attendants.
va-za-ra-ka \ xa-ša-a-ya-tha-i-ya \ xa-ša-a-
ya-tha-i-ya-a-na-a-ma \ xa-ša-a-ya-tha-i-ya \
da-ha-ya-u-na-a-ma \ vi-i-ša-ta-a-sa-pa-ha-ya-
a \ pa-u-ça \ ha-xa-a-ma-na-i-ša-i-ya \ ha-
ya \ i-ma-ma \ ta-ça-ra-ma \ a-ku-u-na-u-ša
Darius, the king