Syrian Wars: series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel, the Palestine territories, Lebanon, and southern Syria.
Course of events
- 260: Accession of Antiochus II, who wants revenge for the First Syrian War and attacks Ptolemy II Philadelphus
- 259: Ptolemy the Son revolts; Antiochus finds an ally in Antigonus II Gonatas of Macedonia; both want to expel the Ptolemies out of the Aegean world
- Ptolemy joins forces with Eumenes I of Pergamon and achieves some successes
- 259/258: New fiscal laws for Egypt; Antiochus liberates Miletus from a tyrant Timarchus, and is awarded the surname Theos, "the god"
- 256 or 255: Antigonus defeats Ptolemy near Kos
- Corinth and Chalkis revolt against Macedonia (instigated by Ptolemy?); Antigonus abandons the war with the Ptolemies
- 254: Peace between Egypt and Macedonia
- 253: Peace with Antiochus II Theos, who repudiates his wife Laodice and marries Ptolemy's daughter Berenice Phernephorus
- Ptolemies gain ground in Cilicia; Seleucids gain control of western Asia Minor