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Baalbek (Heliopolis)


Part of the colonnade at Bustan al-Khan, Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering.
Part of the colonnade at Bustan al-Khan
Baalbek or Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, "sun city"): town in the northern Bekaa valley, site of the largest sanctuary in the Roman world.

History Photos

Bustan al-Khan

Among the monumental buildings at Bustan al-Khan ("the khan's garden"), a place more or less south of the temple of Jupiter in Baalbek, is a portico with twelve columns, which may have been the south gate to the sanctuary. To judge from the way the capitals were shaped, it was constructed in the second century.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Part of the colonnade at Bustan al-Khan, Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering.
Another colonnade at Bustan al-Khan

The two main buildings are a hall on a terrace in the southern area and a Roman bathhouse, inspired on the baths of Trajan in Rome. Archaeologists have also the colonnade that belonged to the street to the Temples of Venus and the Muses, which must have been one of the main routes through the center of Baalbek.

A satellite photo can be seen here.


History Photos
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2012
Revision: 31 July 2012
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