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Baalbek (Heliopolis)


Gold mask from Baalbek, now in the National Museum, Beyrut (Lebanon). Photo Jona Lendering.
Gold mask from Baalbek (National Museum, Beyrut)
Baalbek or Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, "sun city"): town in the northern Bekaa valley, site of the largest sanctuary in the Roman world.

History Photos

Museum

Objects from Baalbek can be seen in several museums. In the museum of Baalbek itself, of course, which is in the tunnel under the Great Court of the temple of Jupiter. Other museums include the National Museum in Beyrut, the Pergamonmuseum in Berlin, and the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul. Here are several photos.
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Sculpture from the museum of Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering.
Sculpture from the museum of Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering. Sculpture from the museum of Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering. Sculpture from the museum of Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering.
Hero (Museum of Baalbek)
Naked figure (Museum of Baalbek) Cybele? (Museum of Baalbek) Man, dressed in a toga (Museum of Baalbek)
Sculpture from the museum of Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering. Birth of Paris, mosaic from Baalbek, now in the National Museum, Beyrut (Lebanon). Photo Jona Lendering. Pediment of a small sanctuary from the museum of Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering. Gold wreath from Baalbek, now in the National Museum, Beyrut (Lebanon). Photo Jona Lendering.
Sculpture (Museum of Baalbek) Birth of Paris (National Museum, Beyrut)
Pediment of a small sanctuary
Gold wreath (National Museum, Beyrut)
Dedication by Sabina, now in the Museum of Baalbek. Photo Jona Lendering.
Dedication by Sabina
The wreath of golden oak leaves above, now on display in the National Museum in Beyrut, was found in the sarcophagus of a lady, who was buried during the Roman period. Apparently, her eyes, nose, forehead, and mouth had also been covered with sheets of gold, while other sheets had been added to her dress.

The last photo shows a dedication to Sabina, who was, as wife of the emperor Hadrian, the adoptive mother of his successor, Antoninus Pius:

SABINAE
IMP ANTONI-
NI AUG MD
HELIOPOLITANI
The Heliopolitans
to Sabina,
deified mother of the emperor
Antoninus Augustus.

The inscription is now in the Museum of Baalbek.


History Photos
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2012
Revision: 1 August 2012
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other