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Baalbek (Heliopolis)


Ras al-Ain. Photo Jona Lendering.
Ras al-Ain
Baalbek or Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, "sun city"): town in the northern Bekaa valley, site of the largest sanctuary in the Roman world.

History Photos

Ras al-Ain

At some eight hundred meters southeast from the temples of Jupiter, Bacchus, Venus, and the Muses, is the spring called Ras al-Ain ("head of the source"). The town owes its name to this place: Ba'al Nebeq or Baalbek means "Lord of the sources".

 Near the shallow pool once stood a nymphaeum, a temple, and a small building with columns. The water of this source was used in the above-mentioned temples, and also refreshed the town of Baalbek. Today, there's a mosque.

A satellite photo is here.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

History Photos
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2012
Revision: 1 Jan. 2013
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