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Baalbek (Heliopolis)


The remains of the staircase. Photo Jona Lendering.
The remains of the staircase
Baalbek or Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, "sun city"): town in the northern Bekaa valley, site of the largest sanctuary in the Roman world.

History Photos

Temple of Mercury

The presence of another temple in Baalbek was known from the coins of the Roman emperor Philip the Arab (r.244-249). It has been identified at Sheikh Abdallah Hill, not far from the barracks of the Lebanese army, but only a flight of stairs survives.

A satellite photo of the stairs can be seen here. The temple itself must have been a bit more to the southwest, on the summit of the hill. Stones of the ancient sanctuary have been reused in a local Muslim shrine.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

History Photos
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2012
Revision: 18 April 2013
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other