Battle of Plataea (479 BCE): decisive battle in the Persian War in which the Greeks overcame the Persian invaders.
The main sources for the engagement is Herodotus' ninth book,note[Herodotus, Histories 9.1-86.] which is written from the perspective of the soldiers, who must have found the marching up and down very confusing. There is little attention to Pausanias' role, and the outcome is presented as a victory of Spartan stubbornness. Herodotus' battle of Plataea is very much a soldiers' battle.
In fact, some of the complex Greek maneuvers may have been intended by Pausanias to give the Persians the impression that their opponents were insecure, poorly-commanded, and afraid to fight. This might have lured the invaders across the river. The fact that Pausanias fell from grace shortly after this battle will have done little to do him justice - still, he was one of the few Greeks to defeat an imperial Persian army in open battle, and commander of the greatest Greek army the world had ever seen.
After their victory, the Greeks erected the Serpents' Column in Delphi. Constantine the Great brought this victory monument to the hippodrome of Constantinople, where it still stands. The column once carried a golden tripod with the inscription, that is dubiously attributed to the poet Simonides:
This is the gift the saviors of far-flung Hellas upraised here,
Having delivered their states from loathsome slavery's bonds.note[Diodorus, History 11.33.2.]