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The Behistun inscription




Relief at Behistun. Photo Ab Langereis. The Behistun relief
Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (522- 486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid empire.

On these pages, you can find drawings, a translitteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.

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Column 1, lines 9-17



  1. ‚tiy \ D‚rayavauš \ xš‚yathiya \ VIII \ man‚ \ taum‚y‚ \ tyaiy \ paruvam
  2. xš‚yathiy‚ \ ‚ha \ adam navama \ IX \ duvit‚paranam \ vavam \ xš‚yathi
  3. y‚ \ amahy \ th‚tiy \ D‚rayavauš \ xš‚yathiya \ vašn‚ \ Auramazd
  4. ‚ha \ adam \ xš‚yathiya \ amiy \ Auzamazd‚ \ xšaÁam \ man‚ \ fr‚bara \ th
  5. ‚tiy \ D‚rayavauš \ xš‚yathiya \ im‚ \ dahy‚va \ ty‚ \ man‚ \ patiy‚iša \  vašn
  6. ‚ \ Auramazd‚ha \ adamš‚m \ xš‚yathiya \ ‚ham \ P‚rsa \ Řvja \ B‚biruš \  A
  7. hur‚ \ Arab‚ya \ Mudr‚ya \ tyaiy \ drayahy‚ \ Sparda \ Yauna \ M‚da \ Armina \ Kat
  8. patuka \ Parthava \ Zraka \ Haraiva \ Uv‚razmÓy \ B‚xtriš \ Suguda \ Gad‚ra \  Sa
  9. ka \ Thataguš \ Harauvatiš \ Maka \ fraharavam \ dahy‚va \ XXIII \ th‚tiy \  D‚ra

Map of the Persian empire. Design Jona Lendering. (4) King Darius says: Eight of my dynasty were kings before me; I am the ninth. Nine in succession we have been kings.

(5) King Darius says: By the grace of Ahuramazda am I king; Ahuramazda has granted me the kingdom.

(6) King Darius says: These are the countries which are subject unto me, and by the grace of Ahuramazda I became king of them: Persia, Elam, Babylonia, Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, the countries by the Sea, Lydia, the Greeks, Media, Armenia, Cappadocia, Parthia, Drangiana, Aria, Chorasmia, Bactria, Sogdia, Gandara, Scythia, Sattagydia, Arachosia and Maka; twenty-three lands in all.






to Column 1, lines 18-26




 
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