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The Behistun inscription





Relief at Behistun. Photo Ab Langereis. The Behistun relief
Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (522- 486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid empire.

On these pages, you can find drawings, a translitteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
 

 

Column 2, lines 9-17


Martiya. Behistun relief. Photo Leen van Dorp.
Martiya
  1. ma \ Cicixrâiš \ puça \ Kuganakâ \ nâma \ vardanam \ Pârsaiy \ avadâ \ adâraya \
  2. hauv \ udapatatâ \ Ûvjaiy \ kârahyâ \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \ Imaniš \ amiy \ Û
  3. vjaiy \ xšâyathiya \ thâtiy \ Dârayavauš \ xšâyathiya \ adakaiy \ adam \ ašna
  4. iy \ âham \ abiy \ Ûvjam \ pasâva \ hacâma \ atarsa \ Ûvjiyâ \ avam \ Marti
  5. yam \ agarbâya \ hyašâm \ mathišta \ âha \ utâšim \ avâjana \ thâtiy \ D
  6. ârayavauš \ xšayathiya \ I martiya \ Fravartiš \ nâma \ Mâda \ hauv \  udapatat
  7. â \ Mâdaiy \ kârahyâ \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \ Xšathrita \ amiy \ Uvaxštrah
  8. yâ \ taumâyâ \ pasâva \ kâra \ Mâda \ hya \ uithâpatiy \ hauv \ hacâma \ hamiçiya \ a
  9. bava \ abiy \ avam \ Fravartim \ ašiyava \ hauv \ xšâyathiya \ abava \ Mâdaiy \


(22) King Darius says: A certain man named Martiya, the son of Zinzakriš, dwelt in a city in Persia called Kuganakâ. This man revolted in Elam, and he said to the people: 'I am Ummaniš, king in Elam.'

(23) King Darius says: At that time, I was friendly with Elam. Then there were Elamites afraid of me, and that Martiya, who was their leader, they seized and slew.

(24) King Darius says: A certain Mede named Phraortes revolted in Media, and he said to the people: 'I am Khshathrita, of the family of Cyaxares.' Then did the Medes who were in the palace revolt from me and go over to Phraortes. He became king in Media.






to Column 2, lines 18-28




 
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