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The Behistun inscription




Relief at Behistun. Photo Ab Langereis. The Behistun relief
Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (522- 486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid empire.

On these pages, you can find drawings, a translitteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.

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Column 2, lines 64-70



  1. \ th‚tiy \ D‚rayavauš \ xš‚yathiya \ pas‚va \ adam \ nij‚yam \ hac‚ \
  2. B‚birauš \ ašiyavam \ M‚dam \ yath‚ \ M‚dam \ par‚rasam \ Kuduruš \ n‚ma \
  3. vardanam \ M‚daiy \ avad‚ \ hauv \ Fravartiš \ hya \ M‚daiy \ xš‚yathiya \ a
  4. gaubat‚ \ ‚iš \ had‚ \ k‚r‚ \ patiš \ m‚m \ hamaranam \ cartanaiy \ pas‚va \ hamarana
  5. m \ akum‚ \ Auramazd‚maiy \ upast‚m \ abara \ vašn‚ \ Auramazd‚ha \ k‚ram
  6. \ tyam \ Fravartaiš \ adam \ ajanam \ vasiy \ Adukanaišahya \ m‚hy‚ \ XXV \ ra
  7. ucabiš \ thakat‚ \ ‚ha \ avath‚ \ hamaranam \ akum‚ \ th‚tiy \ D‚rayavauš \ x

  (31) King Darius says: Then I went forth from Babylon and came into Media. When I had come to Media, that Phraortes, who called himself king in Media, came against me unto a city in Media called Kunduruš [Kangavar?] to offer battle. Then we joined battle. Ahuramazda brought me help; by the grace of Ahuramazda did my army utterly overthrow that rebel host. On the twenty-fifth day of the month Adukanaiša we fought the battle [8 May 521].




to Column 2, lines 71-78




 
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