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The Behistun inscription




Relief at Behistun. Photo Ab Langereis. The Behistun relief
Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (522- 486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid empire.

On these pages, you can find drawings, a translitteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.

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Column 4, lines 1-11



  1. \ th‚tiy \ D‚rayavauš \ xš‚yathiya \ ima \ t
  2. ya \ man‚ \ kartam \ B‚birauv \ thatiy \ D
  3. ‚rayavauš \ xš‚yathiya \ ima \ tya \ adam \ akuna
  4. vam \ vašna \ Auramazd‚ha \ hamahy‚y‚ \ thar
  5. da \ pas‚va \ yath‚ \ xš‚yathiya \ abavam \ XIX \ hamaran
  6. ‚ \ akunavam \ vašn‚ \ Auramazd‚ha \ adamšiš \ a
  7. janam \ ut‚ \ IX \ xš‚yathiy‚ \ agarb‚yam \ I Gaum‚ta \
  8. n‚ma \ maguš \ ‚ha \ hauv \ adurujiya \ avath‚ \ athaha \ adam \
  9. Bardiya \ amiy \ hya \ KŻrauš \ puÁa \ hauv \ P‚rsam \ ha
  10. miÁiyam \ akunauš \ I ¬Áina \ n‚ma \ Řvjiya \ hauv \ adu
  11. rujiya \ avath‚ \ athaha \ adam \ xš‚yathiya \ amiy \ Řvjaiy

  (51) King Darius says: This is what was done by me in Babylon.

(52) King Darius says: This is what I have done. By the grace of Ahuramazda have I always acted. After I became king, I fought nineteen battles in a single year and by the grace of Ahuramazda I overthrew nine kings and I made them captive.

One was named Gaum‚ta, the Magian; he lied, saying 'I am Smerdis, the son of Cyrus.' He made Persia to revolt.

Another was named ¬ššina, the Elamite; he lied, saying: 'I am king the king of Elam.'






to Column 4, lines 12-20




 
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