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Berenice Phernephorus



Berenice Phernephorus (c.285-246): Ptolemaic princess, queen in the Seleucid empire.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • Born between 285 and 280
  • 260: Outbreak of the Second Syrian War. The Seleucid king Antiochus II Theos fights against Ptolemy II Philadelphus
  • 253: Peace. Ptolemy II Philadelphus recognizes Seleucid territorial gains
  • 252: Antiochus divorces his wife Laodice I and marries Ptolemy's daughter Berenice Phernephorus
  • 251: Birth of a son Antiochus
  • 28 January 246: Death of Ptolemy II; Antiochus II repudiates Berenice, who stays in Antioch; Antiochus returns to his first wife Laodice I
  • Early July 246: Antiochus II dies in Ephesus, leaving a confused dynastic situation.
    • From his marriage with Laodice I, he has two sons: Seleucus II Callinicus (immediately recognized as king) and Antiochus Hierax (co-ruler in Sardes); they live in Ephesus
    • From his second marriage, with Berenice, he has a five-year old son Antiochus; they live in Antioch
  • Late summer 246: the child Antiochus is killed by partisans of Laodice
  • September 246: King Ptolemy III Euergetes decides to avenge the son of his sister: outbreak of the Laodicean War or Third Syrian War.
  • He captures Seleucia and Antioch, but cannot prevent that Berenice is killed by the populace
  • December 246: Ptolemy proceeds to Babylon; he is still there in February 245
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Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 7 April 2006
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