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Julia Berenice



Julia Berenice or Berenice of Cilicia (*28 - after 81): Herodian princess.

Relatives:

  • Father: Herod Agrippa I
  • Mother: Cyprus
  • First husband: Marcus Julius Alexander
  • Second husband: Herod of Chalcis
    • Children: Berenicianus and Hyrcanus
  • Third husband: Polemo II of Cilicia
  • Lover (presumed): her brother Julius Marcus Agrippa II
  • Lover: Titus

Main deeds:

  • c.28: Born
  • c.41-44: Married to Marcus Julius Alexander (son of Tiberius Julius Alexander)
  • Short-lived marriage to her uncle Herod of Chalcis, whom she gives two sons, Berenicianus and Hyrcanus
  • Rumors of incestuous affair with her brother Julius Marcus Agrippa II are repressed by a third marriage, to king Polemo II of Cilicia; this marriage is equally short-lived and she returns to her brother's court
  • c.58-60: Present at the trial of Paul of Tarsus
  • 66: Beginning of the Jewish War; Berenice is witness of the first outbreak of violence
  • The emperor Nero sends general Vespasian to suppress the revolt
  • 69: An affair with the Roman commander Titus, son of Vespasian
  • 70: Fall of Jerusalem
  • 75: Berenice joins Titus in Rome; her presence is not appreciated by the populace, and she is sent away
  • 79: Death of Vespasian; accession of Titus; Berenice in Rome again; she is dismissed for the second time

Sources

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

This page was prepared to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, it will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 7 April 2006
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