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Bishapur


The Castle of Bishapur. Photo Jona Lendering. Bishapur: important Sasanian city in Iran, founded by king Shapur I, and built by Roman POWs.
    
History Castle City Palace "Temple" Cave
Relief I Relief II Relief III Relief IV Relief V Relief VI

Castle

The castle of Bishapur, situated on a rock, is well-preserved. The architect would not be surprised, because he called it Qalah-e Dokhtar, "the Virgin's Castle". Now this may be a reference to the daughter of the Sasanian king Shapur I (241-272), but it also expresses the wish that the construction remained pure and "intact" like a virgin. This type of name is not uncommon in Iran (cf. the Pol-e dokhtar, which was also built during the reign of Shapur.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Castle wall. Photo Jona Lendering.
There are several rock-cut reservoirs and the masonry resembles the walls of the castle that is also known as Qalah-e Dokhtar at Firuzabad. From the top, one has a great view over the Tang-e Chowgan gorge, where the rock reliefs can be found, and the city itself.

A satellite photo can be seen here.


History Castle City Palace "Temple" Cave
Relief I Relief II Relief III Relief IV Relief V Relief VI
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2004
Revision: 6 Dec. 2009
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other