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Gholaia (Bu Njem)



Gholaia: Roman fort, part of the Limes Tripolitanus, modern Bu Njem.
 
Part 1 Part 2 Inscriptions Ostraca

The following inscriptions were found in Bu Njem. They are known to scholars as AE 1988, 1102; CIL 8, 10992; AE 1979, 645. The many erasures betray the damnationes memoriae of Geta (211), Alexander Severus (222-235), and his mother Julia Mamaea, and the disgrace of the Third legion Augusta, which was disbanded in 238. (more...)
 
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Inscription from the temple of Ammon. Museum of Lepcis Magna (Libya). Photo Marco Prins
Inscription from the Ammon temple (Museum of Lepcis Magna)

Inscription from the Ammon temple (AE 1988, 1102)

VEXILLATIO  LEGionis  III  AVGvstae  Piae  Vindicis
 Severianae
QVAE  AT  CASTRA  GHOLaia  AEDIFICanda  VENIT
MVCIANO  ET  FABIANO  COnSvlibvs  VIIII  KALendas
  FEBRvarias
ET  REVERSA  EST  ANTONINO  II  ET  GETA  CAESare AVGGvstis  COnSvlibvs  VII  KALendas  IANvarias
A vexillatio of the Third Severan Legion Augusta, the Faithful Avenger,
which came to build the fortress at Gholaia
on 24 January when Mucianus and Fabianus were consuls,
returned on 26 December when Caracalla (for the second time) and Geta caesar, our emperors, were consuls.
Inscription CIL 8.6 from Bu Njem. Archaeological Museum of Libya (Tripoli). Photo Jona Lendering.
Dedication to the emperors. Archaeological Museum of Libya (Tripoli)

Dedication to the emperor (CIL 8.10992)

IMPeratori  CAESari  Lvcio  SEPTIMIO  SEVERO
PIO  PERTINACI  AVGvsto  TRibvnicia  Potestate  VIIII
IMPeratori  COnSvli  II  Patri  Patriae  ET  IMPeratori  CAESari
Marco  AVRELIO  ANTONINO  AVGvsto  TRibvnicia  Potestate
IIII  ET  Lvcio SEPTIMIO  GETAE  CAESari
AVGvsto  Qvinto  ANICIO  FAVSTO  LEGato
AVGGvstorvm  COnSvlari
LEGionis  III  AVGvstae  Piae  Vindicis
To the emperor Lucius Septimius Severus
Pius Pertinax Augustus, in the ninth 
year of his tribunicial powers,
imperator, twice consul, father of the fatherland, and to imperator caesar
Caracalla, augustus, in the fourth year of his tribunicial powers
and to caesar Lucius Septimius Geta
augustus, [was this dedicated] by Quintus Anicius Faustus, commander
with consular rank on behalf of our emperors
of the Third Severan Legion Augusta, the Faithful Avenger.
Dedication to Canappharis. Museum of Lepcis Magna (Libya). Photo Jona Lendering.
Dedication to Canapphar. (Museum of Lepcis Magna)

Dedication to Canapphar (AE 1979, 645)

DEO  MARTI  CANAPPHARI  AVGvsto
PRO  SALVTE  ET  INCOLVMITATE  DOMINI  Nostri
IMPeratoris  CAESaris  DIVI  SEPTIMI  SEVERI  NEPOTIS
DIVI  MAGNI  ANTONINI  FILII
Marci  AVRELI  SEVERI  ALEXANDRI  IN-
VICTI  PII  FELICIS  AVGvsti  PONTIFICIS
MAXIMI  TRIBvniciae  POTESTATIS  IIII  COnSvlis
Patris  Patriae  ET  IVLIAE  MAMAEAE  AVGvstae  MATRIS
AVGvsti  Nostri  ET  CASTRORVM  TOTIVSQVE
DOMVS  DIVINAE  PER  VEXILLATIO-
NEM  LEGionis  III  AVGvstae  Piae  Vindicis  SEVERIANAE
CVRANTE  Tito  FLAVIO  APRONIO
centvrione  LEGionis  EIVSDEM  PRAEPOSITO
  VEXILLATIONIS
To the august god Mars Canapphar,
for the health and salvation of our lord
the emperor caesar, grandson of the deified Septimius Severus,
son of the great Antoninus (=Caracalla),
Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander, the un-
conquerable, pious, happy, augustus, pontifex
maximus, in the fourth year of his tribunicial powers, consul,
father of the fatherland, and Juliae Mamaea Augusta, mother
of the our emperor, all castles and
the sacred dynasty, by a vexillatio
of the Third Severan Legion Augusta, the Faithful Avenger,
led by the Titus Flavius Apronius,
centurion in the same legion, commander of the vexillatio.
Part 1 Part 2 Inscriptions Ostraca
© Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2009
Revision: 11 Nov. 2009
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