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Byzantine Empire


Imperial eagle, on a small arch in the Theodosian Wall, directly north of the Golden Gate (Istanbul). Photo Jona Lendering.
Imperial eagle, on a small arch in the Theodosian Wall, directly north of the Golden Gate in Constantinople.
Byzantine Empire: the continuation of the Roman Empire in the Greek-speaking, eastern part of the Mediterranean. Christian in nature, it was perennially at war with the Muslims, Flourishing during the reign of the Macedonian emperors, its demise was the consequence of attacks by Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, and Ottoman Turks.
 
General Introduction Related Subjects

Cities

Rulers

Other

Literature

  • Peter van Deun, Byzantium. Een spektakel van kunst en cultuur (2010)
  • Fred M. Donner, Muhammad and the Believers at the Origins of Islam (2010)
  • Judith Herrin, Byzantium. The Surprising Life of a Medieval Empire (2009)
  • Michel Kaplan, Tout l'or de Byzance (1991)
  • Noemi Lvy, De Byzance Istanbul. Un port pour deux continents (2000)
  • E.N. Luttwak, The Grand Strategy of the Byzantine Empire (2009)
  • Thomas F. Matthews, Byzantium. From Antiquity to the Renaissance (2010)
  • J.J. Norwich, A History of Byzantium (1988-1995, three volumes; summary in one volume, 1997)

Museums

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

General Introduction Related Subjects
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2011
Revision: 30 Oct. 2011
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other