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Replica of the tombstone of a Cananefatic cavalryman. Museum Swaensteyn, Voorburg. Photo Jona Lendering.
Cast of the tombstone of a Cananefatic cavalryman (Museum Swaensteyn)
Cananefates: tribal formation in the west of the Roman province of Germania Inferior.
  • Also spelled Cannenefates; prounounced with /H/
  • Lived on the fertile sandy soils between the dunes and the peat bogs of the modern Dutch province Zuid Holland; between the estuaries of the Rhine and the Meuse (Helinium)
  • Etymologies based on /konijn/, 'dune rabbit', are incorrect because this animal has not been living in Holland until the Middle Ages
  • According to the Roman historian Tacitus, the Cananefates were closely related to the Batavians, spoke a similar language, and were equally courageous (Histories, 4.15.1); this implies descent from the Chatti
  • Cf. religion: Hiannanefatic Mothers
  • Cf. Pliny the Elder, Natural History, 4.101.
  • Subjected by Tiberius (Velleius Paterculus, Roman History, 2.105.1)
  • Several auxiliary units in the Roman army
  • c.40, reign of Caligula: visit by the emperor; founding of Praetorium Agrippinae; jokes by a Cananefatian leader
  • Other towns: Lugdunum, Matilo
  • Capital: Municipium Cananefatium (Voorburg)
  • Corbulo: Gannascus, commanded a band of Chauci, who lived on the shores of the Wadden Sea in what is now the Dutch province of Groningen and the German Ostfriesland.
  • Canal of Corbulo
  • c.70: Batavian revolt: Brinno; attacks by Claudius Labeo
  • Start of romanization; cf. Rijswijk-De Bult
  • Soldiers served along the Danube (Carnuntum) and in Numidia
  • c.120: Voorburg >> Forum Hadriani
  • c.250: aggressive sea; c.270 abandoned, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
This brief article has been written to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
© Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 23 August 2006
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