Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other

Cappadocia


Interior of a rock church. Photo Jona Lendering.
Interior of a rock church
Cappadocia: ancient name for the country between the rivers Halys and Euphrates, today central Turkey.

The strange Cappadocian landscape consists of volcanic rocks that were, for many centuries, exposed to erosion. The tufa is soft and can easily be worked. Therefore, people started to make artificial caves; vave dwellers in eastern Anatolia are mentioned in the fourth century BCE by the Greek publicist Xenophon (Anabasis, 4.5.25).

Later, churches were created, which became shelters for refugees during the great wars between the Byzantine and the Sasanian Empires. Several caves are still inhabited.

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
The rocks of Cappadocia. Photo Marco Prins. The rocks of Cappadocia. Photo Marco Prins. One of the cave dwellings. Photo Marco Prins. Close-up of one of the cave-dwellings. Photo Marco Prins.
One of the cave dwellings. Photo Marco Prins. Light and dark on the rocks of Cappadocia. Photo Marco Prins. Light and dark on the rocks of Cappadocia. Photo Marco Prins. Light and dark on the rocks of Cappadocia. Photo Marco Prins.
Light and dark on the rocks of Cappadocia. Photo Marco Prins. The rocks of Cappadocia. Photo Marco Prins. Cone-shaped rocks. Photo Jona Lendering. Rocks. Photo Marco Prins.


Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2003
Revision: 4 Jan. 2009
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other