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From Nabū-Nasir to Šamaš-šuma-ukin (ABC 1)

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Sennacherib (as crown prince) on a relief from the Khorsabad, now in the Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Sennacherib (as crown prince) on a relief from the Khorsabad,
now in the Louvre.
The Chronicle on the Reigns from Nabū-Nasir to Šamaš-šuma-ukin (ABC 1) is one of the historiographical texts about ancient Assyria and Babylonia. It deals with the reigns of the Assyrian kings Nabū-Nasir (747-734) to the accessions of Aššurbanipal and Šamaš-šuma-ukin in 668. The first part can be found here; for a very brief introduction to the literary genre of chronicles, go here.
 
Column I
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Column III
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Translation of Column III

1 plundered the gods and inhabitants of Uruk.
2 After the Elamites had come and carried off[3] the gods
3 and inhabitants of Uruk Nergal-ušezib[2] in the district of Nippur on the seventh day of the month Tašrītu
4 did battle against the army of Assyria. He was taken prisoner in the battlefield and
5 transported to Assyria. For one year -precisely: six months- Nergal-ušezib
6 ruled Babylon. On the twenty-sixth day of the month Tašrītu
7 the subjects of Hallušu-Inšušinak, king of Elam, rebelled against him. The door in his face[1]
8 they shut and they killed him. For six years Hallušu-Inšušinak ruled Elam.
9 Kudur-Nahhunte ascended the throne in Elam. Afterwards Sennacherib
10 went down to Elam. From Raši to
11 Bit-Burnaki, he ravaged and plundered it.
12 Mušezib-Marduk ascended the throne in Babylon.
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13 The first year of Mušezib-Marduk (692/691): On the seventeenth day of the month Ābu,
14 Kudur-Nahhunte, king of Elam, was taken prisoner in a rebellion and killed. For ten months
15 Kudur-Nahhunte ruled Elam. Humban-nimena in Elam
16 ascended the throne. In an unknown year Humban-nimena
17 mustered the troops of Elam and Akkad[16] and battle against Assyria in Halule
18 he did. He effected an Assyrian retreat.
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19 The fourth year of Mušezib-Marduk (689/688): On the fifteenth day of the month Nisannu
20 Humban-nimena, king of Elam, was stricken by paralysis and
21 his mouth was so affected that he could not speak.
22 On the first day of the month Kislīmu the city of Babylon was captured. Mušezib-Marduk
23 was taken prisoner and transported to Assyria.
24 For four years, Mušezib-Marduk ruled Babylon.[2]
25 On the seventh day of the month Addaru Humban-nimena, king of Elam, died.
26 For four years, Humban-nimena, ruled Elam.
27 Humban-haltaš ascended the throne in Elam.
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28 The eighth year of there not being a king in Babylon (681/680):[3] on the third day of the month Du'ūzu,
29 the gods of Uruk went from Elam to Uruk.
30 On the twenty-third day of the month Tašrītu, at the noon hour, Humban-Haltaš, king of Elam, at
31 became paralyzed and died at sunset. For eight years Humban-Haltaš
32 ruled Elam.
33 Humban-Haltaš the second, his son, ascended the throne.
34 On the twentieth day of the month Tebźtu, Sennacherib, king of Assyria,
35 was killed by his son in a rebellion. For twenty-four years Sennacherib
36 ruled Assyria. After the twentieth day of the month Tebźtu
37 the rebellion continued in Assyria until the second day of the month Addaru.
38 On the eighteenth day of the month Addaru Esarhaddon, his son, ascended the throne in Assyria.
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39 The first year of Esarhaddon (680/679): when[40] Nabū-zer-kitti-lišir, governor of the Sealand,
40 had gone upstream, he encamped against Ur, but did not capture the city.
41 Instead he fled from the Assyrian officers and went back into Elam.
42 In Elam the king of Elam took him prisoner and put him to the sword.
43 In an unknown month the governor [...] in Nippur.
44 In the month Ulūlu, Ištaran and the gods of Der
45 went[45] from [...] to Der [...].
46 went to Dur-Šarrukin [...]. [4]
47 In the month Adarru [...].
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48 In the second year (679/678): the major-domo [conscripted troops in Akkad...]
49 In that same year Arza was captured and sacked. The people were plundered, the king and his son were taken prisoner.
50 There was a slaughter in Buššua and there was a slaughter of the Cimmerians in Šubuhn.] [5]
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>> To Column 4 >>

Note 1:
This remarkable statement probably means that he was taken prisoner.

Note 2:
Babylon was sacked by Sennacherib, an event that is not recorded in this chronicle.

Note 3:
In fact, Sennacherib ruled over the country, but he was not recognized, because he had sacked Babylon.

Note 4:
The capital of Assyria.

Note 5:
Restoration based on ABC 14.

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Online 2006
Latest revision: 1 April 2006
 
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