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From Nabū-Nasir to Šamaš-šuma-ukin (ABC 1)

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King Esarhaddon and his mother attend the refounding of Babylon. Relief from the Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
King Esarhaddon and his mother (Relief from the Louvre)
The Chronicle on the Reigns from Nabū-Nasir to Šamaš-šuma-ukin (ABC 1) is one of the historiographical texts about ancient Assyria and Babylonia. It deals with the reigns of the Assyrian kings Nabū-Nasir (747-734) to the accessions of Aššurbanipal and Šamaš-šuma-ukin in 668. The first part can be found here; for a very brief introduction to the literary genre of chronicles, go here.
 
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Column IV

Translation of Column IV

1 The third year [of Esarhaddon] (678/677): [...]-ahhe-šullim, the governor of Nippur, and
2 Šamaš-ibni, the Dakkurean, were transported to Assyria and executed in Assyria.
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3 The fourth year (677/676): Sidon was captured and sacked.
4 In that same year: the major-domo conscripted troops in Akkad.
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5 The fifth year (676/675): On the second day of the month Tašrītu the army of Assyria
6 captured Baza[5]. In the month Tašrītu the head of [Abdi-Milkutti] the king of Sidon
7 was cut off and conveyed to Assyria. In the month Addaru the head of [Sanduarri] the king
8 of Kundu and Sissu was cut off and conveyed to Assyria.
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9 The sixth year (675/674): The king of Elam entered Sippar and a massacre took place. Šamaš
10 did not come out of Ebabbar. The Assyrian marched to Milidu. On the seventh day of the month Ulūlu
11 Humban-haltaš, king of Elam, without becoming ill, died in his palace.
12 For five years, Humban-haltaš ruled Elam.
13 Urtak, his brother, ascended the throne in Elam.
14 In an unknown month Šuma-iddina, the governor of Nippur,
15 and Kudurru, the Dakurrean, were transported to Assyria.
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16 The seventh year (674/673): On the fifth day of the month Addaru the army of Assyria was defeated in Egypt.
17 In the month Addaru, Ištar of Akkad and the gods of Akkad
18 left Elam and entered Akkad on the tenth day of the month Addaru.
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19 The eighth year of Esarhaddon (673/672): On the TEXT BROKEN[1] day of the month Tebźtu
20 Šubria was captured and sacked.
21 In the month Kislīmu its booty entered Uruk.
22 On the fifth day of the month Addaru the king's wife died.
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23 The tenth year (671/670): In the month Nisannu the army of Assyria marched to Egypt TEXT BROKEN [1]
24 On the third, sixteenth and eighteenth days of the month Du'uzu
25 -three times- there was a massacre in Egypt. It was sacked and its gods were abducted.
26 On the twenty-second day Memphis, the royal city, was captured and
27 abandoned by its king [Taharqo]. The king's son and brother were taken prisoner.
28 The city was sacked, its inhabitants plundered, and its booty carried off.
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29 The eleventh year (670/669): In Assyria the king put his numerous officers to the sword.
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30 The twelfth year (669/668): The king of Assyria marched to Egypt but
31 became ill on the way and went to his destiny on the tenth day of the month Arahsamna.
32 For twelve years Esarhaddon ruled Assyria.
33 Šamaš-šuma-ukin and Aššurbanipal, his two sons, ascended the throne in Babylon and Assyria respectively.
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34 The accession year of Šamaš-šuma-ukin (668/667): In the month Ajaru
35 Bźl and the gods of Akkad went out[36] from Aššur
36 and on the fourteenth/twenty-fourth of the month Ajaru they entered Babylon.
37 In that same year Kirbitu was taken and its king captured.
38 On the twentieth day of the month Tebźtu, Bźl-etir, judge of Babylon, was taken prisoner and executed.
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39 The first edition, written according to the pattern tablet, checked and collated.[2]
40 Tablet of Ana-Bźl-eriš, son of Liblutu,
41 descendant of Ur-Nanna. Written by Ea-nadin, son of
42 Ana-Bźl-eriš, descendant of Ur-Nanna. Babylon,
43 the N+6th [day of the month ...], the twenty-second year of Darius, king of Babylon and all lands.

Note 1:
This means that the scribe had no access to a correct copy.

Note 2:
This is the colophon of the text.

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Online 2006
Latest revision: 1 April 2006
 
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