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Dynastic Chronicle (ABC 18)

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  The Dynastic Chronicle (ABC 18) is one of the historiographical texts from ancient Babylonia. Although it is called a chronicle, it is, in fact, a king list written on six columns. It starts with the antediluvian rulers and continued until at least the eighth century. The first part (columns 1-3) can be read here.

The text of the Akitu Chronicle is preserved on three fragments (called A, B, and C; indicated as yellow, pink, blue), which do not join but appear to belong to one, large tablet.
 
Column 1
Column 2
Column 4
Column 5
Column 6

Translation of Column 4

Lacuna
1' Babylon, [Sumuabum?...] [1]
2' Sumulael [...]
3' Sabium [...]
4' Apil-Sin [...]
5' Sin-muballit [...]
6'-12' Seven lines missing [2]
13' [...]
14' [...]
------------------------------------------
15'-17' Too broken for translation
Lacuna

Translation of Column 5

Lacuna
1' [...] Sealand [...] [3]
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2' The knight, resident of the Sealand, Simbar-šihu, son of Eriba-Sin,
3' soldier of the dynasty of Damiq-ilišu, was slain with the sword. He ruled for seventeen years.
4' He was buried in the palace of Sargon.
5' Ea-mukin-zeri, the usurper, son of Hašmar, ruled for three months.
6' He was buried in the swamp of Bit-Hašmar.
7' Kaššu-nadin-ahhe, son of SAPpaya, ruled for three years. In the palace of [...] he was buried.
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8' Three kings of the dynasty of the Sealand ruled for twenty-three years.
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9' Eulmaš-šakin-šumi, son of Bazi, ruled for fourteen years. he was buried in the palace of Kar-Marduk.
10' Ninurta-kudurri-usur, son of Bazi, ruled for two years.
11' Širikti-Šuqamuna, ditto [i.e., son of Bazi], ruled for three years. He was buried in the palace of [...].
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12' Three kings of the dynasty of Bit-Bazi ruled for twenty years and three months.
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13' Mar-biti-apla-usur, descendant of [...] Elam, ruled for six years.
14' He was buried in the palace of Sargon.
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15' One king of the dynasty of Elam ruled for six years.
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16' [...]
Lacuna

Translation of Column 6

Lacuna
1' [...]
2' the knight [...]
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3' Marduk-apla-usur ruled for N years.[4]
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4' One king of [an unknown?] dynasty ruled for N years.
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5' The dynasty of Chaldea was terminated. Its kingship was transferred to the Sealand.
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6' The Sealand, Eriba-Marduk ruled for N years.[5]
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7' One king of the dynasty of the Sealand ruled for N years.
8' The dynasty of the Sealand was terminated, its kingship was transferred to Chaldea.
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9' Chaldea, [Nabû-šuma-iškun?] ruled for N years.
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10' One king of the dynasty of Chaldea ruled for N years.
11' The dynasty of Chaldea was terminated. Its kingship was transferred to the [...]
------------------------------------------
12' [...]
13' [...]
Lacuna

Note 1:
These kings belong to the First Dynasty of Babylon, which ruled Babylonia from 1894 to 1595 (according to the Middle chronology).

Note 2:
The missing names must be: Hammurabi, Samsuiluna, Abi-ešuh, Ammiditana, Ammisaduqa, Samsuditana; the seventh line may have contained something like "eleven kings of the dynasty of Babylon ruled for N years"; after this, lines 13'-14' may have contained some historical information and the words that "The dynasty of Babylon was terminated, its kingship transferred to the Sea Land"

Note 3:
These kings belong to the Second Dynasty of the Sealand. After this, the kings of the Bazi Dynasty are mentioned and one king from Elam.

Note 4:
This man was king in c.800 BCE.

Note 5:
This man was king before 760 BCE.

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Online 2006
Latest revision: 1 April 2006
 
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