Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other

ABC 7: The Nabonidus Chronicle


Nabonidus' chronicle. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
Nabonidus Chronicle, obverse (British Museum; ©*)
The Nabonidus Chronicle is a historiographical text from ancient Babylonia. It describes the reign of Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire, who lost his realm to the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE. These pages present a scholarly edition; an easy-to-read version can be found here.
   
General Introduction Colum i-ii Column iii-iv Comment Literature

This web-edition is based on A.K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (1975, repr.2000), but there are modifications, that are explained here.

Obverse (column i-ii)

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

Column i

1 [...] x x x [...] [...] x x x [...]
2 [...]-šú iš-ši LUGAL (erasure) [...] ... he carried, the king
3 [...] ma-ti-šú-nu ana Bābili5 (E)ki ú-bil-lu ... of] their land he/they brought to Babylon.
4 [...] ti [...] ...
5 [...] šû is-hu-hu-ma ul iš-ši [...] …his? …they trembled? and he did not carry.
6 [...t]i? kimat(im.ri.a)-su-nu ma-la bašû(gál)ú [...] ... their whole family
7 [...] x šarru ummāni-šú id-ke-ma ana Hu-me-e [...] the king mustered his army and to Hume [Cilicia]
8 [...] x kit [he marched]. ...
-------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
9 [MU II?kám...] ina itiTebēti ina kurHa-ma-a-tú SID [The second year (554/553): ...] the month Tebetu, in Hamath it was cold.
10 [...] x [...] ...
-------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
11 [MU III?kám...it]iAbu kurAm-ma-na-nu šá-di-i [The third year (553/552): ... the mon]th Abu, the Amanus Mountains
12 [...] x [giš]sip-pa-a-tú inbu ma-la ba-šu-ú [...] ... orchards, all of the fruit
13 [...] x ina lib-bi-ši-na ana qí-rib Bābili5ki [...] ... from within them to Babylon
14 [... imr]us(gig)-ma ìblutut ina itiKislīmi šarru ummāni-šú [... became i]ll but recuperated. In the month Kislimu, the king
15 [id-ke-ma? ...] x tim u ana  mdNabû-tat!-tan-úsur [mustered] his army14 and to Nabû-tat-tan-úsur
16 [...] x mu šá kurAmurri(mar.tu) a-na ... of Amurru to
17 [... uruA]-du-um-mu it-ta-du-ú they/he encamped [against E]dom
18 [...] x-ma ummānimeš ma-du-tu [...] the large army
19 [...a]bul uruRUG-di-ni [... the g]ate of RUGdini
20 [...] x idūk-šú [...] ... he killed/defeated him
21 [...] x qu [...] ...
22 [... um]mānimeš [...] army
Lacuna Lacuna

Column ii

1 [id]-/ke\-e-ma ana muhhi mKu-raš šàr An-šá-an ana ka-š[á-di i]l-lik-ma [...] [The sixth year (550/549):] (Astyages) mustered (his army) and marched against Cyrus, king of Anšan, for conquest [...]
2 mIš-tu-me-gu ummāni-šú ibbalkit-su-ma ina qātēII sa-bít a-na mKu-raš it-x[...] The army rebelled against Astyages and he was taken prisoner. Th[ey handed him over] to Cyrus. ([...])
3 mKu-raš a-na kurA-gam-ta-nu āl šarru-ú-tu <il-lik-ma> kaspa hurāsa būša makkūra [...] Cyrus <marched> to Ecbatana, the royal city. The silver, gold, goods, property, [...]
4 šá kurA-gam-ta-nu iš-lul-ú-ma a-na kurAn-šá-an il-qí būša makkūra šá ummānim[eš...] which he carried off as booty (from) Ecbatana, he took to Anšan. The goods (and) property of the army of [...].
-------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
5 MU VIIkám šarru ina uruTe-ma-a mār šarri rabûtimeš-šú ummāni meš-šú ina kurAkkadîki [šarru ana itiNisanni] The seventh year (549/548): The king (was) in Tema (while) the prince, his officers, (and) his army (were) in Akkad. [In the month Nisannu, the king]
6 a-na Bābili5ki úl illikuku dNabû ana Bābiliki úl illikuku dBēl úl ūsâa isin[nu a-ki-tú ba-til] did not come to Babylon. Nabu did not come to Babylon. Bel did not come out. The [Akitu festiv]al [did not take place].
7 niqû(siskur.siskur) ina É-sag-gíl u É-zi-da ilānimeš šá Bābìliki u Barsipki k[i šal-mu] The offerings to the gods op Babylon and Borsippa, a[s in normal times], in Esagila and Ezida
8 nadnūnu urigallû is-ruq-ma bīta ip-qid ([...]) were presented. The urigallû-priest made a libation and inspected the temple. ([...])
-------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
9 MU VIIIkám (Blank space of one line) The eighth year (548/547): (Blank space)
-------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
10 MU IXkám mdNábû-nā'id šarru <ina> uruTe-ma-a mār šarri rabûtimeš u ummānini ina kurAkkadîki šarru ana itiNisanni ana Bābìliki The ninth year (547-546): Nabonidus the king (was) <in> Tema, (while) the prince, the officers, (and) the army (were) in Akkad. The king, in the month Nisanu, to Babylon
11 úl illikuku dNabû ana Bābiliki úl illikuku dBēl úl ūsâa i-sin-nu a-ki-tú ba-til did not come. Nabu did not come to Babylon. Bel did not come out. The Akitu festival did not take place.
12 niqû(siskur.siskur)meš ina É-sag-gíl u É-zi-da ilānimeš ša <Bābìliki> u Bar-sipki ki šal-mu nadnana The offerings were presented (to) the gods of <Babylon> and Borsippa as in normal times in Esagil and Ezida.
13 itiNisannu UD Vkám ummu šarri ina Dūr-ka-ra-šú šá ah(gú) ídPuratti e-la-nu Sip-parki On the fifth day of the month Nisanu the queen mother, in Dur-Karašu, which is on the banks of the Euphrates upstream from Sippar,
14 im-tu-ut mār šarri u ummānimeš-šú III ūmumu šu-du-ru bikītu(ér) šaknatat ina itiSimāni ina kurAkkadîki she died. The prince and his army were in mourning for three days (and) there was (an official) mourning period. In the month Simanu, in Akkad,
15 bi-ki-tú ina muhhi ummi šarri šaknatat ina itiNisanni mKu-raš šàr kurPar-su ummāni-šú id-ke-e-[m]a there was (an official) mourning period for the queen mother. In the month Nisanu, Cyrus, king of Parsu, mustered his army and
16 šap-la-an uruAr-ba-'-il ídIdiqlat i-bir-ma ina itiAiiari ana kur/Ú-\[raš-tu il-li]k crossed the Tigris below Arbela. In the month Ajaru, he marched to the land of U[rartu].
17 šarra-šú idūk bu-šá-a-šú il-qí šu-lit šá ram-ni-šú <<AŠ>> lu ú-še-li [...] He killed its king, took his possessions, (and) stationed his own garrison (there) [...]
18 /arki\ šu-lit-su ù šar-ri ina libbi ibašši(gál)ši ([...]) Afterwards the king and his garrison was in it ([...])
-------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
19 MU Xkám šarru ina uruTe-ma mār šarri rabûtimeš u ummānini-šú ina kurAkkadîki šarru ana [itiNisanni ana Bābìliki úl illikuku] The tenth year (546/545): The king (was) in Tema (while) the prince, the officers, and his army (were) in Akkad. The king [did not come to Babylon in the month Nisanu.]
20 dNabû ana Bābili5ki úl illikuku dBēl úl ūsâa isinnu a-ki-tú ba-til niqû(siskur.siskur) ina /É\-[sag-gíl u É-zi-da] Nabu did not come to Babylon. Bel did not come out. The Akitu festival did not take place. The offerings in E[sagil and Ezida]
21 ilānimeš ša Bābìliki u Bar-sipki ki šal-m[u na]dna/na\ ina itiSimāni UD XXIká[m ...] were presented (to) the gods of Babylon and Borsippa as in normal times. On the twenty-first day of the month Simanu [...]
22 šá kurE-lam-mi-ia ina kurAkkadîki x x [...] /?\šakin māti ina Urukk[i ...] of Elammya in Akkad ... [...] the district governor of Uru[k ...]
-------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
23 MU XIkám šarru ina uruTe-ma-a mār šarri rabûtimeš u ummānini-šú ina kurAkka[ki šarru ana itiNisanni ana Bābìliki úl illikuku] The eleventh year (545/544): the king (was) in Tema (while) the prince, the officers, and his army (were) in Akkad. [The king did not come to Babylon in the month Nisanu.]
24 [Nabû ana Bāb]ili5ki úl illikuku dBēl úl usâa isinnu a-ki-tú ba-til ni[(siskur.siskur) ina É-sag-gíl u É-zi-da] [Nabu] did not come [to Bab]ylon. Bel did not come out. The Akitu festival did not take place. The of[ferings in Esagil and Ezida]
25 [ilānimeš ša Bāb]ìliki u /Bar-sip\[ki ki šal-m]u nadna/na\ [...] were presented [(to) the gods of Bab]ylon and Borsippa [as in normal times].
Lacuna Lacuna

>> to part three (Columns iii-iv)  >>

General Introduction Colum i-ii Column iii-iv Comment Literature
© A.K. Grayson
Webedition by Jona Lendering
Online 2008
Revision: 22 Jan 2009
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other