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ABC 7: The Nabonidus Chronicle


Nabonidus' chronicle. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
Nabonidus Chronicle, reverse (British Museum)
The Nabonidus Chronicle is a historiographical text from ancient Babylonia. It describes the reign of Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire, who lost his realm to the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE. These pages present a scholarly edition; an easy-to-read version can be found here.
   
General Introduction Colum i-ii Column iii-iv Comment Literature

This web-edition is based on A.K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (1975, repr.2000), but there are modifications, that are explained here.

Reverse (column iii-iv)

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Column iii

Lacuna Lacuna
1 [...] GAZ? íd x [...] [...] killed/defeated. The river ... [...]
2 [...] še dIštar(mùš) Urukki [...] [...] ... Ishtar Uruk [...]
3 [...] xmeš šá kurPa[r-su? ...] [...] of Per[sia...]
4 [...]meš ni [...] [...] ... [...]
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5 [MU Xkám ... dN]abû ultu Bar-sipki ana asêe [dBēl illikuku dBēl ūsâa] [The seventeenth year (539/538): ... N]abu [came] from Borsippa for the procession of Bel. Bel came out.]
6 [... iti] Tebētu šarru ana É-tùr-kalam-ma īrub ina É?-[...] [... In the month] Tebetu the king entered Eturkalamma. In the temple [...]
7 [...] x-ut-tim maqqītu(bala)tu4 karāni iqqi(bala) tum x x x [...] [...] ... He made a libation of wine ... [...]
8 [... dB[ēl ūsâa isinnu a-ki-tú ki šal-mu īpušūšú ina iti[x ...] [... B]el came out. They performed the Akitu festival as in normal times. In the month [...]
9 [... ilāni]meš šá Marad-daki dZa-ba4-ba4 u ilānimeš šá Kiški dNin-líl x [...] [... the gods] of Marad, Zababa, and the gods of Kish, Ninlil [and the gods of]
10 [x] /Hur\-sag-kalam-ma ana Bābìliki īrubūmeš-ni adi qīt(til) itiUlūli ilānimeš šá kurAkkadîki Hursagkalamma entered Babylon. Until the end of the month Ululu the gods of Akkad [...]
11 šá elān(ugu) IM u šaplān(ki.ta) IM ana Bābili5ki irrubūmeš-ni ilānimeš šá Bar-sipki Kutê[ki] from everywhere were entering Babylon. The gods of Borsippa, Cuthah,
12 u Sip-parki úl īrubūmeš-ni ina itiTašrīti mKu-raš sal-tum ina Upêki ina muhhi [...] and Sippar did not enter (Babylon). When13 Cyrus did13 battle at Opis on the [bank of]
13 ídÌ-diq-lat ana libbi ummānini kurAkkadîki ki īpušūšú (erasure) nišūmeš kur Akkadîki the Tigris against the army of Akkad, the people of Akkad
14 BALA.KI hubta(sar) ihbut(sar) nišēmeš idūk UD XIV Sipparki ba-la sal-tum sa-bit retreated. He carried off the plunder (and) slaughtered the people. On the fourteenth day Sippar was captured without a battle.
15 mdNabû-nā'id ihliq UD XVI m/Ug\-ba-ru hāt(nam) kurGu-ti-um u ummānimeš mKu-raš ba-la sal-tum Nabonidus fled. On the sixteenth day, Ugbaru, governor of Gutium, and the army of Cyrus, without battle
16 ana Bābili5ki īrubū arki mdNabû-nā'id ki ihhisasa ina Bābili5ki sa-bit adi qīt(til) arhi kuštuk-šume they entered Babylon. Afterwards, after Nabonidus retreated, he was captured in Babylon. Until the end of the month, the shield-(bearing troops)
17 šá kurGu-ti-um bābātimeš šá É-sag-gíl ilmû(nigin) bat-la šá mim-ma ina É-sag-gíl u ēkurrātimeš DIŠ from Gutium surrounded the gates of Esagil. (But) interruption (of rites) in Esagil or the (other) temples
18 ul iš-šá-kin ù si-ma-nu ul innitiq(dib)iq itiArahsamnu UD IIIkám mKu-raš ana Bābili5ki īrub there was not, and no date (for a performance) was missed. On the third day of the month Arahsamna, Cyrus entered Babylon.
19 ha-ri-ni-e ina pāni-šú umallû(diri)meš šu-lum ana āli šá-kin mKu-raš šu-lum ana Bābìliki The harû-vessels were filled before him. There was peace in the city while Cyrus, (his) greeting to
20 gab-bi-šú qi-bi mGu-ba-ru hta(nam)-šú h(at)ūti(nam)meš ina Bābili5ki ip-te-qid Babylon in its entirety spoke. Gubaru, his district officer, appointed the district officers in Babylon.
21 ultu itiKislīmi adi itiAddari ilānimeš šá kurAkkadîki šá mdNabû-nā'id ana Bābili5ki ú-še-ri-du-/ni\ From the month Kislimu to the month Addaru, the gods of Akkad which Nabonidus had brought to Babylon
22 a-na ma-/ha\-zi-šú-nu itūrūme itiArahsamnu mūša(gi6) UD XIkám mUg-ba-ru mît ina it[iAddari] returned to their places. On the night of the eleventh of the month Arahsamna, Ugbaru died. In the mon[th Addaru]
23 /aššat\ šarri mîtatat ultu XXVII šá itiAddari adi UD III šá itiNisanni bi-ki-tum ina Akkadî[ki šaknatat] the king's wife died. From the twenty-seventh of the month Addaru to the third of the month Nisannu [there was] (an official) mourning period in Akkad.
24 /ni\šūmeš gab-bi qaqqad-su-nu ipattarū(du8)meš UD IVkám mKám-bu-zi-ia māru šá mK[u-raš] All of the people bared their heads. On the fourth day when Cambyses, son of C[yrus],
25 a-/na\ É-gidri(níg.pa)-kalam-ma-sum-mu ku illikū É.PA dNabû šá PA x [...] went to Egidrikalammasummu the ...-official of Nabu, who ... [...]
26 /ki\ illikūku aš-šu lu-bu-uš-bi Elamtiki qātēII dNabû [...] x [...] When he came, because of the Elamite dress! the hand of Nabu [...] ... [...]
27 [gišas-m]a-re-e u kušiš-patmeš ultu [...] x /mār šarri?\ ana du[l-li? ...] [sp]ears and quivers from [...] ... crown prince to the wo[rk ...]
28 [...] dNabû ana É-sag-gíl NIGIN x ki x ina pān dBēl u mār dB[ēl ...] [...] Nabu to Esagil ... before Bel and the son of B[el ...]

Column iv

1' [...] x en [...]
2' [...] x Bābili5ki meš [...] Babylon, water
3' [...] xmeš iq-ta-tur [...] ... clouded over
4' [...] ka gan ITI bābu na-pi-il [...] ... the gate was ruined
5' [...] É-an-na šá EZEN-x-KASki [...] Eanna of Ezen-x-kas
6' [... b]īt mu-um-mu ūsâ [...] bit mummu, he went out
7' [...] ZI [...] ...
8' [...] x ina Bābili5ki x hi [...] in Babylon ...
9' [...] Bābìli[ki] is-rim-ma [...] Babylon he strove.

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General Introduction Colum i-ii Column iii-iv Comment Literature
© A.K. Grayson
Webedition by Jona Lendering
Online 2008
Revision: 21 Jan 2009
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