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Diadochi Chronicle (BCHP 3)

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BCHP 3, the Chronicle of the Diadochi, obverse. Photo Bert van der Spek.
BCHP 3, the Chronicle of the
Diadochi, obverse
(British Museum).**
The Babylonian Diadochi Chronicle (BCHP 3; a.k.a. ABC 10, Chronicle 10) is one of the historiographical texts from ancient Babylonia. It deals with the history of the Diadochi, the successors of Alexander the Great, and the Babylonian war between the generals Seleucus and Antigonus Monophthalmus. For a very brief introduction to the literary genre of chronicles, go here.

This page offers a preliminary new edition by Bert van der Spek, Free University, Amsterdam (Holland), and Irving L. Finkel, British Museum, London, who are currently working on a new edition of all published and unpublished chronicles of the Hellenistic period. This publication on the Livius website is intended to invite suggestions for better readings, comments and interpretations (go here to find the e-mail-address of Van der Spek).

Line numbers: Finkel and Van der Spek have found an additional part of this chronicle and line numbers have been adapted. The old numbers are indicated in {}.

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TEXT: OBVERSE (Column 1)
TRANSLATION
@ = tsade; & = tet
line numbers with link refer to commentary
 
1-6 (Missing)  
7-11 (Traces only)  
12 [.. .. .. .. ..] x EL?.. ..] x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. ..] x x x [...]x[.....]
13 [.. .. .. .. ?]-ku-nu x x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. they esta]blished? x x [.....]
14 [.. .. .. mNi?-ka?]-nu-ru ú-nu-ti  x x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. Nika]nor? utensils  x x [.....]
15 [.. .. .. .. ..] x LÚ[x x x x x]E.K[I? .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]  [.. .. .. .. ..] x the x [functionary of] Baby[lon?.....] 
16 [.. .. .. .. .. @]al-tum x [.. .. .. ..] x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. .. b]attle x [          ] x [.....]
17 [ITI x ITI BI UD] 21[.KAM .. .. .. ..] x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [Month .. .  That month] 21[nd day                  ] x [.....]
18 [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
19 [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ] x [ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ] x [ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
20 {1'} [.. ..] x x x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] x x [ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. ..] x x x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] x x [ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
21 {2'} /x\.MEŠ-ma NÍG.ŠU-šú-nu u NÍG.ŠU /É?\ [X X B]ÁR?./SIPA?\.[KI? .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  mSi-lu-uk-ku] they [.. ..]ed and their valuables and the valuables of the [.. ..]house of B]/orsippa?\ [ they .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Month ... Seleucus/Docimus?]
22 {3'} a-na GAL.UKKIN-ú-tu KUR U[RI.KI pa]-qid?  UD 20.KAM  [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]  to the office of satrap of the land /of Akkad\ [was? appoi]nted and on the 20th day the [x-functionary  .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] 
23 {4'} ITI BI! LUGAL @al-tum KI GAL.UKKIN KUR Mi-@ir DÙ-ma KUR [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] That same! month the king did battle with the satrap of Egypt and the land  [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
24 {5'} { ERÍN LUGAL} ERÍN.MEŠ LUGAL ina gišTUKUL GAZ.MEŠ ITI APIN UD 10 [+? KAM .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]  The troops of the king were slaughtered. Month VIII, day 10 (14 November 320) [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] 
25 {6'} GAL.UKKIN KUR URI.KI ana E.KI KU4 MU BI SAHAR.HI.A [šá É.SAG.ÍL (.....) id-de-ku-ú] the satrap of Akkad entered Babylon. That month, debris [of Esagila was (not?) removed.]
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26 {7'} MU 5.KAM mPi-líp-i-si ITI NU ZU LUGAL mAn-ti-gu-n[u-su .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] Year 5 of Philip (319/18), unknown month. The king [left] Antigon[us in charge (...) and he]
27 {8'} a-na KUR Ma-ak-<ka->du-nu i-bir-ma ana EGIR-šú NU GUR-ár ina /ku\-t[a?-al-li (?) šatti(?) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] went to the land Macedonia and did not return. In a later part? [of the year?.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] 
28 {9'} EGIR he-pu-ú IZI GU7-šú mSi-lu-uk-ku GAL.UKKIN  KU[R URI.KI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] After that (the lines?) are destroyed. Fire consumed it. Seleucus, the satrap [of Akkad, .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
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29 {10'} MU 6.KAM mPi ITI KIN GAL.UKKIN KUR URI.KI ú-sur-tú šá KÙ.BABBAR [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] Year 6 of Phi(lip = 318/7), month VI (15 Sep. – 14 Oct. 318). The satrap of Akkad a levy of silver [for .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
30 {11'} u ERÍN KUR URI.KI gab-bi GAR-an KÙ.BABBAR ina maš-a-a-al-/tum  SUM\ .[MEŠ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] and all the troops of Akkad conducted. Silver upon interrogation they gave; [(...) he destined it for the troops of]
31 {12'} KUR URI.KI gišIG.MEŠ NÍG.DUG.GA.AMAŠ-/šú\ BÀD BÁR.S[IPA.KI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] the land of Akkad. The gates of Tabi-supuršu, the wall of Borsip[pa, he repaired/destroyed/opened? .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
32 {13'} MU BI mPi-líp-i-si ina KUR Ma-ak-ka-du-nu ba-[ši?? .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] That year Philip was pre[sent] in Macedonia [ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
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33 {14'} MU 7.KAM mPi-il-i-si ITI DU6ERÍN.MEŠ LUGAL šá ana du!-n[u-un EN.NUN .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ina e-piš] [additional note] Year 7 of Philip (317/6), month VII (3 – 31 Oct. 317). The troops of the king, which in order to make a str[ong guard entered the palace, but the satrap of Akkad by doing]
34 {15'} /@al\-tum É.GAL E.KI i-kim-šú-nu-ti-ma[.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [bat]tle captured the palace of Babylon from them and the [x]-person(s) [ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
35 {16'} [l]ú GAL.<UKKIN> KUR URI.KI hu-u@-@u šá GI ir-si-[ib .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] the satrap of Akkad dest[royed] the fence of reed.[ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
36 {17'} [lú]Ha-ni-i šá LUGAL ana du-nun EN.NUN ina bi-rit [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] The Hanaeans of the king in order to make a strong guard between [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
37 {18'} [á]r- kimAn-ti-gu-nu-suGAL.UKKIN [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [Lat]er Antigonus [.. .. .. ed] the satrap [of Akkad (...)] 
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38 {19'} [MU 8.KAM mPi]-líp-i-si ITI.ŠU mAn-ti-g[u-nu-su .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [Year 8 of Phi]lip (316/5), month IV (25 June – 24 July 316) Antig[onus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
39 {20'} [.. .. .. .. ..]x šá ina É.GAL LUGAL /GAR/šá/za\[.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. ..] who (was) in the palace of the king, whi[ch ?.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
40 {21'} [.. .. .. .. .. .. M]EŠ UN.ME[Š .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. .. ..]s people [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] 
41 [.. .. .. .. .. .. ..] x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..] [.. .. .. .. .. .. ..] x [.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..]
Lacuna : ca. 0 - 4 lines  
Column 2: lost
to part three (reverse)
 
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