Archaic name of Babylonia.
Name of the royal house of the Parthian
Litt: "Lord". The name of the Babylonian supreme god Marduk was almost
never pronounced or written down. His temple was the Esagila;
another important monument was the temple tower Etemenanki.
Greek authors called this complex sometimes the tomb of Belus,
the temple of Belus. The name is related to Ba'al.
The temple of Gula in Isin. Gula was the goddess of medicine.
The "House of the ordinances of heaven and underworld", the sanctuary
of BÍlet-Ninua (a title that we might render as Our Blessed
of Nineveh), also known as Ištar.
One of the two temples of the moon god Sin in Babylon.
The very ancient temple of Enlil in Nippur.
The temple of Nergal in Cuthah.
The "House of (pleasant) rest": the temple of Sin in eastern Babylon.
An erased text on a clay tablet, often a writing error. Usually, traces
of the old text can be read 'behind' the real text.
The temple of Ištar
of Babylon, close to Esagila.
The temple of NabŻ
F. Jacoby, Die
Fragmente der griechischen
Historiker (1923- ): a large collection of fragments of Greek
Originally, the Gutians lived in the Zagros
mountains east of Babylon and north of Susa.
In later cuneiform texts, the word Gutium can simply mean any land east
of the Tigris.
ha-ni-e is the name of a people and a kingdom
(Hana) of the
Old and Middle Babylonian periods situated on the middle Euphrates.
It is also mentioned in the Agum-kakrime Inscription (Agum returns
and Sarpanitum from the grasp of the Hanaeans II: 1-11); Longman
this composition to be neo-Assyrian
and HanÓ to be the literary equivalent of Hatti (Longman
but Podany takes it simply to be the Middle Babylonian kingdom of Hana
(Podany 1991-3). In the Hellenistic period the term is apparently a
or by extension Greeks and Macedonians (Cf. Briant 1994).
Originally, the Hittite Empire, but after its disappearance in the
twelfth century BCE, the name of the Neo-Hittite city states of Syria,
which included the Phoenician towns. Hence: about everything in the
Assyrian name of Babylonia.
Temple council; its chairman is the Šatammu.
Determinative that indicates that the following name is that of a man
or woman. A woman is indicated by the sign SAL, a man by a vertical
which is sometimes confusing because this symbol can also indicate the
The chairman of the temple council or kiništu.
which consisted of temple personnel and possibly prebend holders, was
governing body of the sanctuary and in Hellenistic time in effect the
indigenous community of the city.
Era. The epoch from which the years were counted was "our" year
There are two variants: SEB and SEM. The first one is according to the
Babylonian calendar (New Year in the Spring), the other one to the
one (New Year in the Autumn).
A sign resembling an angle bar or inverted L, which is made by pressing
a stylus deep into the clay.