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Walker Chronicle

The Walker Chronicle, which is sometimes called Chronicle 25, is one of the historiographical texts from ancient Babylonia. It deals with events during the reign of the kings of the Kassite Dynasty and the Second Dynasty of Isin, and contains several duplicate lines with the Eclectic Chronicle.

For a very brief introduction to the literary genre of chronicles, go here. The Walker Chronicle was published by C.B.F. Walker in G. van Driel e.a. (eds.): Zikir Šumim: Assyriological Studies Presented to F.R. Kraus on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday (1982). More information can be found in Jean-Jacques Glassner, Mesopotamian Chronicles (Atlanta, 2004).


1 Tukulti-Ninurta, king of Assyria,[1] took Babylon and Sippar and controlled Karduniaš.
2 Adad-šuma-usur [2; ...] restored [...] and rebuilt the wall of Nippur.
3 [...] he firmly established. Enlil-kudurri-usur, king of Assyria,[3]
4 [...] Adad-šuma-usur mustered his troops, attacked, and defeated him.
5 The officers of Assyria seized Enlil-kudurri-usur, their lord, and gave him to Adad-šuma-usur,
6 [...] the people of Karduniaš who had fled to Assyria
7 surrendered to Adad-šuma-usur. Adad-šuma-usur, to conquer Babylon,
8 marched [...] Somebody, the son of a nobody, whose name is not mentioned, [4] [ascended to the throne].
9 Hearing this unexpected news, Adad-šuma-usur raised a revolt, and, enjoying eternal divine protection, he entered Babylon and
10 he became ruler of the land and established himself on his royal throne.
11 [...] they killed him.
12 [...] he attacked and removed the king of Mari in a rebellion.
13 [...] he controlled Mari.
14 [...] fear of Elam fell on him and
15 [...] on the bank of the Euphrates he built a city and
16 [...] of Sumer and Akkad he brought within it,
17 [...] was cut off and the people became poor in deficiency and famine.
18 [...] they killed him in a rebellion.
19 Enlil-nadin-apli,[5] son of Nebuchadnezzar, marched on Aššur to conquer it.
20 Marduk-nadin-ahhe,[6] brother of Nebuchadnezzar, and the nobles rebelled against him and
21 Enlil-nadin-apli returned to his land his city. They killed him with the sword.
22 Marduk-nadin-apli and the nobles rebelled against Enlil-nadin-apli
23 he returned
24 [...] and defeated him.
25 He attacked and he had him killed with the sword.
26 Tiglath-pileser,[7] king of Assyria attacked and [...]
27 Marduk-šapik-zeri,[8] son of Marduk-nadin-ahhe, rebuilt the wall of Babylon.
28 [...] kings of the lands he defeated. During his reign, the people of the land enjoyed abundance and prosperity.
29 Adad-apla-iddina,[9] descendant of Itti-Marduk-balatu, the Arameans and an usurper king rebelled against him and
30 desecrated all the sanctuaries of the land. Akkad, Der, Dur-Anki (Nippur),
31 Sippar and Parsa (Dur-Kurigalzu) they demolished.
32 The Suteans attacked and took home the booty of Sumer and Akkad.
33 He repeatedly visited the shrines of Marduk and appeased the heart of Bêl and the son of Bêl.
34 [….] he fully restored their cults.

Note 1:
King of Assyria between 1233 and 1197.

Note 2:
A successful Babylonian king (1206-1177) who defeated Tukulti-Ninurta of Assyria.

Note 3:
King from 1186 to 1182.

Note 4:
A rebellion during the reign of Adad-šuma-usur. A 'son of a nobody' was a ruler without notable ancestors. The addition in italics is hypothetical.

Note 5:
Enlil-nadin-apli was king of Babylonia from 1103 to 1100. His father had ruled the country from 1125 to 1104.

Note 6:
King from 1099 to 1082.

Note 7:
Tiglath-pileser I was king from 1114 to 1076.

Note 8:
King of Babylonia from 1081 to 1069.

Note 9:
Adad-apla-iddina was king of Babylonia from 1068 to 1047; Itti-Marduk-balatu from 1139 to 1132. The section is identical to several lines from the Eclectic Chronicle.

Assyrian and
Babylonian Chronicles


Mesopotamian Kings

Online 2006
Latest revision: 1 April 2006
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