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Claudius


Bust of Claudius. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
Claudius (British Museum)
Claudius: emperor of the Roman world (41-54).

Names:

  • 1 August 10 BCE: Tiberius Claudius Nero 
  • 25 January 41: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
  • 13 October 54: poisoned 
Successor of: Caligula

Relatives:

  • father: Drusus
  • mother: Antonia Minor
  • first wife: Plautia Urgulanilla
    • son: Claudius Drusus (died as child)
    • daughter: Claudia (not recognized)
  • second wife: Aelia Paetina
    • daughter: Antonia
  • third wife: Messalina
    • children: Octavia; Britannicus
  • fourth wife: Agrippina Minor

Early career:

  • 10 BCE: Born in Lyon
  • 4 CE Surname Germanicus
  • 14 Sodalis Augustalis
  • c.19: Birth of Claudius Drusus
  • 37 Consul
  • 39 Member of a senatorial delegation to Caligula, in Germania; marries Messalina
  • 40 Birth of Octavia
  • 41 Assassination of Caligula

Main deeds:

    41 Accession; Chauci defeated by Gabinius; the kingdom of Herod Agrippa expanded; exile of Seneca; birth of Britannicus
  • 42 Consul II (with Gaius Caecina Largus); revolt of Marcus Furius Camillus Scribonianus suppressed; Mauretania organized; fall of Gaius Appius Iunius Silanus; fall of Julia Livilla
  • 43 Consul III (with Lucius Vitellius II); expedition to Britain; refuses the title Britannicus; fall of Julia Drusila and Catonius Justus
  • Return along Rhine and Upper Danube; Claudian army reforms (creation of the Rhine limes)
  • 44 Return to Rome; triumph; death of Herod Agrippa; annexation of Mauretania and Judaea
  • 46 Annexation of Thrace
  • 47 Consul IV (with Lucius Vitellius III); censorship (with Lucius Vitellius); Ludi Saeculares; Corbulo attacks the Frisians; fall of Valerius Asiaticus, Mnester, and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
  • 48 Execution of Messalina; Claudius marries Agrippina Minor
  • 49 Recall of Seneca; he becomes teacher of Claudius' stepson Nero
  • 51 Consul V (with Servius Cornelius Salvidienus Orfitus; later with Titus Flavius Vespasianus); Burrus made praetorian prefect
  • 52 Aqua Claudia and Aqua Anio Novus inaugurated
  • 53 Nero marries Claudius' daughter Octavia; the Parthian Empire recovers Armenia and Tiridates becomes king
  • 54 Poisoned
Buildings: Aqua Claudia; Aqua Anio Novus; port of Ostia

Succeeded by: Nero

Contemporary events:

  • 43 Pomponius Mela, De situ orbis
  • 46 Birth of Plutarch of Chaeronea
  • 48 Apostolic Council in Jerusalem
  • 50 Dioscorides, De Materia Medica; death of Celsus; death of Gamaliel
  • 51 Paul's Epistle to the Thessalonians
  • 52 Paul meets Gallio

Links:

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

This brief article has been written to offer background information
to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be
improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.

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