Bust of Cleopatra II (?) (Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden)
(c.189-c.115): queen of the Ptolemaic
- c.189: Born
- c.175: Marries her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor
- 165: Birth of Ptolemy Eupator
- Birth of Cleopatra
- 160: Birth of Cleopatra
- Birth of Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator
- 150: Cleopatra Thea marries Alexander
Balas, an usurper in the Seleucid
- 146: The Ptolemies change their foreign policy;
Cleopatra Thea marries Demetrius
July: Ptolemy VI defeats Alexander
Balas in Syria, but is killed in action.
August: accession of Ptolemy
VIII Physcon, who immediately marries his sister Cleopatra
II, widow and queen
Ptolemy VIII also marries Cleopatra III, daughter of Cleopatra II and
two Cleopatras, mother and daughter, quarrel.
November: Civil war between Ptolemy VIII and his sister Cleopatra II.
autumn: Cleopatra II controls Alexandria.
Ptolemy is on Cyprus.
spring: Ptolemy returns to Egypt; Cleopatra II flees to her
son-in-law, Demetrius II Nicator
Cleopatra II, supported by Seleucid troops, attempts to recover her
position, but the Seleucid expedition meets with failure near Pelusium.
Cleopatra II returns (it is not known why).
Death of Ptolemy VIII, who is succeeded by Cleopatra III.
Cleopatra II disappears after October 116 from our sources.