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Cleopatra II


Bust of Cleopatra II (?). Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden (Holland). Photo Jona Lendering.
Bust of Cleopatra II (?) (Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden)
Cleopatra II (c.189-c.115): queen of the Ptolemaic Empire.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • c.189: Born
  • c.175: Marries her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor
  • 165: Birth of Ptolemy Eupator
  • Birth of Cleopatra Thea
  • 160: Birth of Cleopatra III
  • Birth of Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator
  • 150: Cleopatra Thea marries Alexander Balas, an usurper in the Seleucid Empire
  • 146: The Ptolemies change their foreign policy; Cleopatra Thea marries Demetrius II Nicator
  • 145, July: Ptolemy VI defeats Alexander Balas in Syria, but is killed in action.
  • 145, August: accession of Ptolemy VIII Physcon, who immediately marries his sister Cleopatra II, widow and queen
  • 141/140: Ptolemy VIII also marries Cleopatra III, daughter of Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VI
  • 140/139: The two Cleopatras, mother and daughter, quarrel.
  • 132, November: Civil war between Ptolemy VIII and his sister Cleopatra II.
  • 131, autumn: Cleopatra II controls Alexandria.
  • 131/130: Ptolemy is on Cyprus.
  • 130, spring: Ptolemy returns to Egypt; Cleopatra II flees to her son-in-law, Demetrius II Nicator
  • 128: Cleopatra II, supported by Seleucid troops, attempts to recover her position, but the Seleucid expedition meets with failure near Pelusium.
  • 124: Cleopatra II returns (it is not known why).
  • 28 June 116: Death of Ptolemy VIII, who is succeeded by Cleopatra III. Cleopatra II disappears after October 116 from our sources.
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Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 5 August 2006
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