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Cleopatra II

Bust of Cleopatra II (?). Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden (Holland). Photo Jona Lendering.
Bust of Cleopatra II (?) (Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden)
Cleopatra II (c.189-c.115): queen of the Ptolemaic Empire.


Main deeds:

  • c.189: Born
  • c.175: Marries her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor
  • 165: Birth of Ptolemy Eupator
  • Birth of Cleopatra Thea
  • 160: Birth of Cleopatra III
  • Birth of Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator
  • 150: Cleopatra Thea marries Alexander Balas, an usurper in the Seleucid Empire
  • 146: The Ptolemies change their foreign policy; Cleopatra Thea marries Demetrius II Nicator
  • 145, July: Ptolemy VI defeats Alexander Balas in Syria, but is killed in action.
  • 145, August: accession of Ptolemy VIII Physcon, who immediately marries his sister Cleopatra II, widow and queen
  • 141/140: Ptolemy VIII also marries Cleopatra III, daughter of Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VI
  • 140/139: The two Cleopatras, mother and daughter, quarrel.
  • 132, November: Civil war between Ptolemy VIII and his sister Cleopatra II.
  • 131, autumn: Cleopatra II controls Alexandria.
  • 131/130: Ptolemy is on Cyprus.
  • 130, spring: Ptolemy returns to Egypt; Cleopatra II flees to her son-in-law, Demetrius II Nicator
  • 128: Cleopatra II, supported by Seleucid troops, attempts to recover her position, but the Seleucid expedition meets with failure near Pelusium.
  • 124: Cleopatra II returns (it is not known why).
  • 28 June 116: Death of Ptolemy VIII, who is succeeded by Cleopatra III. Cleopatra II disappears after October 116 from our sources., the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

This page was prepared to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, it will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 5 August 2006
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