(c.140-112): queen of the Ptolemaic
- c.140: Born
During the civil war between Ptolemy VIII (father of Cleopatra
IV) and Cleopatra
II (grandmother of Cleopatra IV), Cleopatra
III (mother of Cleopatra IV) and Ptolemy IX (her brother)
of Ptolemy and Cleopatra IV
IX is made governor of Cyprus
June 116: Death of Ptolemy VIII, who is succeeded by his wife
Cleopatra III. She wants to rule with Ptolemy
X Alexander, but the Alexandrines
force her to accept Ptolemy IX Soter, who is fourteen years old, as
her husband Ptolemy IX Soter goes to Alexandria, Cleopatra IV remains
115: Cleopatra IV learns that she has been divorced because
her husband wants to marry Cleopatra
V Selene, their sister.
IV assembles an army and offers her hand to the Seleucid
IX Cyzicenus. They marry.
- In 115, Antiochus revolts against his brother, the lawful king, Antiochus
VIII Grypus, who is married to Cleopatra's sister Tryphaena.
The rebel occupies the southern part of Syria
- 113: Antiochus IX seizes Antioch; Antiochus VIII keeps Cilicia
After a defeat, Cleopatra IV is captured by Antiochus VIII and killed
by command of Tryphaena