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Tryphaena



Tryphaena (c.135-111): Ptolemaic princess, queen in the Seleucid Empire.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • c.135: Born
  • 124/123: Tryphaena marries to Antiochus VIII Grypus
  • 28 June 116: Death of Ptolemy VIII Physcon, who is succeeded by his wife Cleopatra III. She wants to rule with Ptolemy X Alexander, but the Alexandrines force her to accept Ptolemy IX Soter, who is fourteen years old and lives on Cyprus, as co-ruler.
  • When her husband Ptolemy IX Soter goes to Alexandria, his sister and wife Cleopatra IV remains on Cyprus
  • March 115: Cleopatra IV learns that she has been divorced because her husband wants to marry Cleopatra V Selene, their sister.
  • Cleopatra IV assembles an army and offers her hand to the Seleucid prince Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. They marry.
  • In 114/113, Antiochus revolts against his brother, the lawful king, Antiochus VIII Grypus, husband of Tryphaena.
  • 112: After a defeat, Cleopatra IV is captured by Antiochus VIII and killed by command of Tryphaena.
  • 111: Antiochus IX kills Tryphaena
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This page was prepared to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, it will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 5 August 2006
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