(c.135-69): queen of the Ptolemaic
- c.135: Born
- 28 June 116: Death of Ptolemy
VIII Physcon, who is succeeded by Cleopatra
III. She wants to rule with her youngest son Ptolemy
X Alexander, but the Alexandrines
force her to accept her elder son, Ptolemy IX Soter, as co-ruler.
- April 115: Cleopatra V Selene marries Ptolemy
IX Soter, who has just divorced his first wife, Cleopatra
IV. The relation between the young king Ptolemy IX and the
queen-mother Cleopatra III is complicated.
- March 108: Ptolemy IX is forced to flee to Cyrene,
and leaves behind his wife and two children. He returns not much later.
- October 107:
Ptolemy IX again flees, this time to Cyprus, again leaving Cleopatra V
Selene and the children behind. He is unable to return and the marriage
- Cleopatra III and Ptolemy X Alexander seek support
from the Seleucid
VIII Grypus against Ptolemy IX.
- 103: Cleopatra V Selene marries Antiochus. They have
several children: Seleucus
VI Epiphanes Nicator; Antiochus
XI Epiphanes Philadelphus; Demetrius
III Eucaerus; Philip
I Philadelphus; Antiochus
XII Dionysus; Laodice Thea Philadelphus.
- 101: Death of Cleopatra III. In Egypt, Ptolemy X
Alexander remains sole ruler.
- Summer 96: Death of Antiochus VIII (natural causes). Because
Antiochus VIII was involved in a conflict with his relative Antiochus
IX Cyzicenus, which must end, Cleopatra marries her deceased
- Her son Seleucus does not accept this,
army and defeats his stepfather, who is killed.
- Summer 94: A son of Antiochus IX, Antiochus
X Eusebes, avenges his father; Seleucus is killed.
- Cleopatra Selene now marries Antiochus
X. They have two sons (Antiochus
XIII Asiaticus and Seleucus Cybiosactes).
- c.88: After the death of her last husband,
Cleopatra Selene lives in Cilicia,
where she educates her sons;
- Civil war between Demetrius
III Eucaerus and Philip
I Philadelphus; the latter is in 87 victorious
- 88: Death of Ptolemy X; return of Ptolemy IX Soter.
- 83/82: Antiochus XII Dionysus is defeated and killed by the Nabataean
Arabs; Damascus is seized by Ptolemy of Chalcis
- 80: In Egypt, Ptolemy IX dies; he is succeeded by Ptolemy
XI Alexander, who is immediately replaced by Ptolemy
XII. Cleopatra V Selene demands the throne for her Seleucid
- 75: Death of Philip
- His intended successor, Antiochus XIII Asiaticus, visits Rome
- 74/73: Tigranes
II the Great of Armenia
conquers the remains of the Seleucid
Tigranes arrests Cleopatra Selene in Acre/Ptolemais and orders her execution
- O.D. Hoover, "Dethroning Seleucus VII Philometor (Cybiosactes): Epigraphical Arguments against a Late Seleucid Monarch" in: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 151 (2005) 95-99