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Statue of Commodus as Hercules Romanus. Musei Capitolini, Roma (Italy). Photo Marco Prins.
Commodus as Hercules
(Musei Capitolini, Roma)
Commodus: emperor of the Roman world (180-192).


  • 31 Augustus 161: Lucius Aurelius Commodus 
  • 12 October 166: Lucius Aurelius Commodus Caesar 
  • 172: Lucius Aurelius Commodus Caesar Germanicus
  • 175: Lucius Aurelius Commodus Caesar Germanicus Sarmaticus
  • June 177: Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Commodus Augustus 
  • 17 March 180: Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus
  • 191: Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Commodus Aurelius
  • 31 December 192: murdered by courtiers
Successor of: Marcus Aurelius


Early career:

  • 161 Born in Lanuvium
  • 166 Made caesar
  • 175/176 Voyage to the east
  • 177 Made Augustus
  • 177 Consul (youngest consul in Roman history)
  • 178 Marriage to Bruttia Crispina
  • 179 Consul II
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Coin for Commodus' third consulship.
Coin for Commodus' third consulship.

Main deeds:

  • 180 Death of Marcus Aurelius; peace with the Dacians, Quadi, Iazyges, and Vandals. Perennis made praetorian prefect; return to Rome
  • 181 Consul III (with Lucius Antistus Burrus)
  • 181 Conspiracy of Lucilla
  • 182 Commodus accepts the title Germanicus Maximus
  • 183 Consul IV (with Gaius Aufidius Victorinus)
  • 184 Accepts the title Britannicus Maximus
  • 185 Execution of Perennis; Cleander succeeds him; war against the Sarmatians
  • 186 Consul V (with M' Acilius Glabrio II); Pertinax overcomes a revolt of the British troops; Deserter's war
  • 187 Conspiracy of Maternus
  • 188 Roman victory over rebellious Germans
  • 190 Consul VI (with Marcus Petronius Sura Septimianus); fall and death of Cleander; Pertinax in Africa; debasement of the denarius
  • 192 Consul VII (with Publius Helvius Pertinax II); the center of Rome destroyed by fire; Bruttia Crispina exiled; Commodus appears in the Colosseum as gladiator; assassinated
  • Damnatio memoriae

Buildings in Rome:

Buildings outside Rome:

  • 183: Temple of the Genius of Oea, Tripoli
Succeeded by: Pertinax


This brief article has been written to offer background information
to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be
improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.

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