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Darius III Codomannus


The face of Darius III Codomannus. Detail of the Alexander mosaic, National museum Naples (Italy).
Darius III Codomannus. Detail of the Alexander mosaic (National museum Naples)
Darius III Codomannus: last Achaemenid king of the Persian Empire, ruled from 336 to 330.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • Real name: Artašata
  • As satrap of Armenia, Artašata fights against the Cadusians; he receives the surname Codomannus, which may mean "war-minded"
  • 338, between 26 August and 25 September: death of Artaxerxes III Ochus (natural causes Diodorus' story about poisoning is contradicted by BM 71537)
  • Accession of Artaxerxes IV Arses
  • Egypt and Babylonia revolt (although the evidence for the insurrection of Nidin-BÍl is meager)
  • Macedonia's king Philip II prepares an attack on Anatolia.
  • The cuneiform text known as the Dynastic prophecy suggests that Artašata marches on Persepolis and seized the throne
  • 336, Summer: Artaxerxes IV is killed by his courtier Bagoas (text); Artašata becomes king under the name of Darius III Codomannus.
  • 336, October: murder of Philip of Macedonia (text); accession of Alexander the Great
  • 335, Operations against Babylonia and Egypt
  • 334, May: Alexander lands in Asia
  • 334, early June: Persian troops defeated in the Battle of the Granicus (text)
  • 333, July: Darius in Babylon
  • 333, November: Battle of Issus (text)
  • 333, December: Darius opens negotiations (text)
  • 332: Darius builds a new army
  • 331, 1 October: battle of Gaugamela
  • 331/330: Darius in Ecbatana
  • 330, June: Darius leaves Ecbatana
  • 330, July: death of Darius III at Choara; Bessus king (text)
Succeeded by: Bessus and Alexander the Great
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Revision: 30 April 2013
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